अंबष्ठ

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यन्त्रोपारोपितकोशांशः[सम्पाद्यताम्]

Purana index[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


(II) (च्)--kingdom: Capital of Suvrata: Its king failed in hitting the fish target in लक्ष्मणा's स्वयम्- वर। भा. X. ८३. २३; Br. III. ७४. २२; M. ४८. २१; वा. ९९. २२.

Purana Encyclopedia[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


Ambaṣṭha : m. (pl.): Name of Janapada whose warriors sided with the Kauravas.


A. Location: To the west of Khāṇḍavaprastha (niryāya khāṇḍavaprasthāt pratīcīm abhito diśam) 2. 29. 2; at one place they are reckoned among those who lived in the northwest (sāmbaṣṭhāḥ pratīcyodīcyavāsinaḥ) 7. 6. 6.


B. Characterization: Referred to as a Janapada (śālvā matsyās tathāmbaṣṭhās…dvādaśaite janapadāḥ) 6. 18. 13-14; 6. 114. 77; called Kṣatriyas (ambaṣṭhāḥ…kṣatriyāḥ) 2. 48. 14, 16; 6. 20. 10; according to Parāśara they were a sub-caste of Kṣatriyas born of intermixture of Kṣatriyas with the other three Varṇas (kṣatrajātir athāmbaṣṭhā…ete caturbhyo varṇebhyo jāyante vai parasparam//) 12. 285. 8-9.


C. Qualities: Brave and willing to die in war (śūrās tanutyajaḥ) 6. 18. 14; strong (balavantaḥ) 6. 112. 107; very difficult to be defeated in war (saṁkhye sudurjayāḥ) 8. 57. 31; according to Yudhiṣṭhira they were not wicked and were of good character and good conduct (anṛśaṁsāḥ śīlavṛttopapannāḥ) 5. 30. 24; they were ranked as mahārathas 6. 112. 107, 111;


D. Epic Events:

(1) Mentioned among the peoples conquered by Nakula in his expedition to the west before the Rājasūya (ambaṣṭhān…vyajayat puruṣarṣabhaḥ) 2. 29. 6, 8;

(2) Ambaṣṭhas are mentioned among those Kṣatriyas who brought wealth in hundreds for the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira (ambaṣṭhāḥ kaukurās…āhārṣuḥ kṣatriyā…vittam) 2. 48. 14, 16;

(3) Mentioned by Yudhiṣṭhira among those warriors whom Duryodhana was able to collect to fight against the Pāṇḍavas; he asked Saṁjaya to wish them well on his behalf (ye rājānaḥ pāṇḍavāyodhanāya samānītā dhārtarāṣṭreṇa kecit/…tathāmbaṣṭhā…//teṣāṁ sarveṣāṁ kuśalaṁ tāta pṛccheḥ) 5. 30. 23-24;

(4) Mentioned among the twenty thousand charioteers of the twelve Janapadas who followed Duḥśāsana and other sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra when they acted as rear-guards of Bhīṣma (rathā viṁśatisāhasrās tathaiṣām anuyāyinaḥ/…tathāmbaṣṭhās…dvādaśaite janapadāḥ) 6. 18. 12-14; mentioned among the Kṣatriyas who were near Bhīṣma when he stood in front of the army (bhīṣmo 'grataḥ sarvasainyasya…tasya sainyam…ye cāmbaṣṭhāḥ kṣatriyāḥ) 6. 20. 9-10;

(5) Mentioned among those who, when instigated by Duryodhana, attacked Arjuna as do moths the fire (ambaṣṭhāḥ kekayaiḥ saha/abhipetū raṇe pārthaṁ pataṅgā iva pāvakam//) 6. 112. 110;

(6) Mentioned among the twelve Janapadas who did not forsake Bhīṣma, just before his fall, on the tenth day of the war although they were wounded by arrows (ambaṣṭhāḥ …dvādaśaite janapadāḥ…saṁgrāme na jahur bhīṣmaṁ yudhyamānaṁ kirīṭinā) 6. 114. 77;

(7) Mentioned by Bhīṣma among those people who were once defeated by Karṇa (ambaṣṭhāś ca…jitās tvayā) 7. 4. 5;

(8) Mentioned among the warriors who, on the eleventh day of the war, formed the extremity of the left wing of Droṇa's vyūha which was guarded by Kṛpa and others (kṛpaś ca kṛtavarmā ca…savyaṁ pārśvam apālayan//teṣāṁ prapakṣāḥ… madrās trigartāḥ sāmbaṣṭhāḥ) 7. 6. 4-6;

(9) Mentioned among the warriors who formed the rear of the Suparṇavyūha (7. 19. 4) arranged by Droṇa on the eleventh day of the war (pṛṣṭhe kaliṅgāḥ sāmbaṣṭhāḥ) 7. 19. 11;

(10) Mentioned among the three thousand horse-riders who, led by Duryodhana on the fourteenth day of the war, attacked Sātyaki as moths do the fire (trīṇi sādisahasrāṇi duryodhanapurogamāḥ…kuṇindās taṅgaṇāmbaṣṭhāḥ…abhyadravanta śaineyaṁ śalabhāḥ pāvakaṁ yathā//) 7. 97. 13-14; every rock that was thrown by the Ambaṣṭhas and others was pierced and broken by Sātyaki with his nārāca arrows (aśmavṛṣṭiṁ…ambaṣṭhaiś ca kuṇindaiś ca kṣiptāṁ kṣiptāṁ sa sātyakiḥ/nārācaiḥ prativivyādha) 7. 97. 39-40;

(11) Mentioned among those who were killed by Yudhiṣṭhira during the night war (ambaṣṭhān…prāhiṇot mṛtyulokāya gaṇān yuddhe yudhiṣṭhiraḥ) 7. 132. 23; 7. 136. 3;

(12) Arjuna reported to Yudhiṣṭhira that when his way to the Saṁśaptakas was suddenly blocked by Aśvatthāman, the army of the Ambaṣṭhas, resolved to fight unto death, faced him; Arjuna killed five hundred of them before proceeding towards Aśvatthāman (ambaṣṭhasenā maraṇe vyatiṣṭhat/teṣām ahaṁ pañcaśatāni hatvā tato drauṇim agamam) 8. 47. 3;

(13) Śalya encouraged Karṇa to fight with the same courage with Arjuna which he showed in defeating Ambaṣṭhas and others (vaidehāmbaṣṭhakāmbojās…yayā dhṛtyā jitāḥ saṁkhye sudurjayāḥ//tāṁ dhṛtiṁ kuru rādheya tataḥ pratyehi pāṇḍavam) 8. 57. 31-32.


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Mahabharata Cultural Index[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


Ambaṣṭha : m. (pl.): Name of Janapada whose warriors sided with the Kauravas.


A. Location: To the west of Khāṇḍavaprastha (niryāya khāṇḍavaprasthāt pratīcīm abhito diśam) 2. 29. 2; at one place they are reckoned among those who lived in the northwest (sāmbaṣṭhāḥ pratīcyodīcyavāsinaḥ) 7. 6. 6.


B. Characterization: Referred to as a Janapada (śālvā matsyās tathāmbaṣṭhās…dvādaśaite janapadāḥ) 6. 18. 13-14; 6. 114. 77; called Kṣatriyas (ambaṣṭhāḥ…kṣatriyāḥ) 2. 48. 14, 16; 6. 20. 10; according to Parāśara they were a sub-caste of Kṣatriyas born of intermixture of Kṣatriyas with the other three Varṇas (kṣatrajātir athāmbaṣṭhā…ete caturbhyo varṇebhyo jāyante vai parasparam//) 12. 285. 8-9.


C. Qualities: Brave and willing to die in war (śūrās tanutyajaḥ) 6. 18. 14; strong (balavantaḥ) 6. 112. 107; very difficult to be defeated in war (saṁkhye sudurjayāḥ) 8. 57. 31; according to Yudhiṣṭhira they were not wicked and were of good character and good conduct (anṛśaṁsāḥ śīlavṛttopapannāḥ) 5. 30. 24; they were ranked as mahārathas 6. 112. 107, 111;


D. Epic Events:

(1) Mentioned among the peoples conquered by Nakula in his expedition to the west before the Rājasūya (ambaṣṭhān…vyajayat puruṣarṣabhaḥ) 2. 29. 6, 8;

(2) Ambaṣṭhas are mentioned among those Kṣatriyas who brought wealth in hundreds for the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira (ambaṣṭhāḥ kaukurās…āhārṣuḥ kṣatriyā…vittam) 2. 48. 14, 16;

(3) Mentioned by Yudhiṣṭhira among those warriors whom Duryodhana was able to collect to fight against the Pāṇḍavas; he asked Saṁjaya to wish them well on his behalf (ye rājānaḥ pāṇḍavāyodhanāya samānītā dhārtarāṣṭreṇa kecit/…tathāmbaṣṭhā…//teṣāṁ sarveṣāṁ kuśalaṁ tāta pṛccheḥ) 5. 30. 23-24;

(4) Mentioned among the twenty thousand charioteers of the twelve Janapadas who followed Duḥśāsana and other sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra when they acted as rear-guards of Bhīṣma (rathā viṁśatisāhasrās tathaiṣām anuyāyinaḥ/…tathāmbaṣṭhās…dvādaśaite janapadāḥ) 6. 18. 12-14; mentioned among the Kṣatriyas who were near Bhīṣma when he stood in front of the army (bhīṣmo 'grataḥ sarvasainyasya…tasya sainyam…ye cāmbaṣṭhāḥ kṣatriyāḥ) 6. 20. 9-10;

(5) Mentioned among those who, when instigated by Duryodhana, attacked Arjuna as do moths the fire (ambaṣṭhāḥ kekayaiḥ saha/abhipetū raṇe pārthaṁ pataṅgā iva pāvakam//) 6. 112. 110;

(6) Mentioned among the twelve Janapadas who did not forsake Bhīṣma, just before his fall, on the tenth day of the war although they were wounded by arrows (ambaṣṭhāḥ …dvādaśaite janapadāḥ…saṁgrāme na jahur bhīṣmaṁ yudhyamānaṁ kirīṭinā) 6. 114. 77;

(7) Mentioned by Bhīṣma among those people who were once defeated by Karṇa (ambaṣṭhāś ca…jitās tvayā) 7. 4. 5;

(8) Mentioned among the warriors who, on the eleventh day of the war, formed the extremity of the left wing of Droṇa's vyūha which was guarded by Kṛpa and others (kṛpaś ca kṛtavarmā ca…savyaṁ pārśvam apālayan//teṣāṁ prapakṣāḥ… madrās trigartāḥ sāmbaṣṭhāḥ) 7. 6. 4-6;

(9) Mentioned among the warriors who formed the rear of the Suparṇavyūha (7. 19. 4) arranged by Droṇa on the eleventh day of the war (pṛṣṭhe kaliṅgāḥ sāmbaṣṭhāḥ) 7. 19. 11;

(10) Mentioned among the three thousand horse-riders who, led by Duryodhana on the fourteenth day of the war, attacked Sātyaki as moths do the fire (trīṇi sādisahasrāṇi duryodhanapurogamāḥ…kuṇindās taṅgaṇāmbaṣṭhāḥ…abhyadravanta śaineyaṁ śalabhāḥ pāvakaṁ yathā//) 7. 97. 13-14; every rock that was thrown by the Ambaṣṭhas and others was pierced and broken by Sātyaki with his nārāca arrows (aśmavṛṣṭiṁ…ambaṣṭhaiś ca kuṇindaiś ca kṣiptāṁ kṣiptāṁ sa sātyakiḥ/nārācaiḥ prativivyādha) 7. 97. 39-40;

(11) Mentioned among those who were killed by Yudhiṣṭhira during the night war (ambaṣṭhān…prāhiṇot mṛtyulokāya gaṇān yuddhe yudhiṣṭhiraḥ) 7. 132. 23; 7. 136. 3;

(12) Arjuna reported to Yudhiṣṭhira that when his way to the Saṁśaptakas was suddenly blocked by Aśvatthāman, the army of the Ambaṣṭhas, resolved to fight unto death, faced him; Arjuna killed five hundred of them before proceeding towards Aśvatthāman (ambaṣṭhasenā maraṇe vyatiṣṭhat/teṣām ahaṁ pañcaśatāni hatvā tato drauṇim agamam) 8. 47. 3;

(13) Śalya encouraged Karṇa to fight with the same courage with Arjuna which he showed in defeating Ambaṣṭhas and others (vaidehāmbaṣṭhakāmbojās…yayā dhṛtyā jitāḥ saṁkhye sudurjayāḥ//tāṁ dhṛtiṁ kuru rādheya tataḥ pratyehi pāṇḍavam) 8. 57. 31-32.


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*2nd word in right half of page p619_mci (+offset) in original book.

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