अन्ध्र

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यन्त्रोपारोपितकोशांशः[सम्पाद्यताम्]

कल्पद्रुमः[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


अन्ध्रः, पुं, (अन्धयति गीतेन मृगान् अन्धवत् करोति, अन्ध + कर्त्तरि रः ।) व्याधः । मृगया- जीवी । इति कश्चित् संग्रहकारः । (वैदिहिकात् कारावरस्त्रियां जातो जातिविशेषः, स तु सततं ग्रामवहिर्वासी मृगयाजीवी च । “कारावरनिषादात् तु चर्म्मकारः प्रसूयते । वैदिहिकादन्ध्रमेदौ वहिर्ग्रामप्रतिश्रयौ” ॥ इति मनुः ।)

Apte[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


अन्ध्रः [andhrḥ], (pl.)

N. of a people and the country inhabited by them. [The country of the Āndhras is said to be the modern Telingana. But the limits were probably confined to the Ghats on the West and the rivers Godāvarī and Krisnā on the North and South. It bordered on Kalinga (See Dk. 7th Ullāsa), and its capital Andhranagara is probably the old town of Vengi or Vegi. According to Daṇḍin, there was near it a lake 'like the ocean and crested with cranes' which description can only refer to the lake Colair which has an area of over 15 miles; जगन्नाथाटूर्ध्वभागाद- र्वाक् श्रीभ्रमरात्मकात् । तावदन्ध्राभिधो देशः].

N. of a dynasty of kings.

A man of a mixed (low) caste, being born of a Vaideha father and Kārāvara mother, who lives by killing game; कारावरो निषादात्तु चर्मकारः प्रसूयते । वैदेहकादन्ध्रमेदौ बहिर्ग्रामप्रतिश्रयौ ॥ Ms.1.36.

A kind of fowler. -Comp. -जातिः the Andhra tribe.-भृत्याः N. of a dynasty of kings.

Monier-Williams[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


अन्ध्र m. N. of a people (probably modern Telingana)

अन्ध्र m. of a dynasty

अन्ध्र m. a man of a low caste (the offspring of a वैदेहfather and कारावरmother , who lives by killing game) Mn. x , 36.

Purana index[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


(I)--born of दीर्घतमस् and Bali's wife. (Burnouf's reading--ओड्र). भा., IX. २३. 5.
(II)--the son of दृषदश्व (वृषदश्व-वा। प्।). Br. III. ६३. २७; वा. ८८. २६.
(III) (च्)--a Janapada under the देवरक्षितस्. वा. ९९. ३८५; Vi. IV. २४. ६४.

Purana Encyclopedia[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


Andhra, Andhraka, Āndhra : m. (pl.): Name of a Janapada and its people.


A. Location: Listed by Saṁjaya among the (northern) Janapadas of the Bhāratavarṣa (ata ūrdhvaṁ janapadān nibodha gadato mama 6. 10. 37, 5); (andhrāś ca… antargiryās tathaiva ca) 6. 10. 48; according to Bhīṣma the people lived in the south (dakṣiṇāpathajanmānaḥ sarve talavarāndhrakāḥ) 12. 200. 39; Sahadeva also collected tribute from Andhras during his expedition to the south (see section C: Epic events).


B. Characteristics:

(1) According to Bhīṣma, the Andhrakas did not believe in Dhātṛ being the supervisor of all beings (adhyakṣaṁ sarvabhūtānāṁ dhātāram akarot prabhuḥ/…niradhyakṣāṁs tu kaunteya kīrtayiṣyāmi tān api//…sarve talavarāndhrakāḥ/) 12. 200. 33, 38-39; according to Bhīṣma, Andhrakas, were sinful and they led the life of dogs, crows, ravens and vultures; they did not exist in the Kṛta age, but were to be met with from the Tretā age onwards (talavarāndhrakāḥ… ete pāpakṛtas tāta caranti pṛthivīm imām śvakākabalagṛdhrāṇāṁ sadharmāṇo narādhipa//naite kṛtayuge tāta caranti pṛthivīm imām/tretāprabhṛti vartante te janā…) 12. 200. 39, 41-42; they lived like Dasyus and were attached to objects of senses (viṣayavāsinaḥ/…dasyujīvinaḥ) 12. 65. 15;

(2) Māndhātṛ asked Indra what was the Dharma of Andhras (pallavāś cāndhramadrakāḥ/…kathaṁ dharmaṁ careyus te) 12. 65. 13, 15; (the duties of Dasyus which applied also to Andhras described by Indra in 12. 65. 17-22);

(3) Kṛṣṇa described Andhraka warriors as furious, fond of fighting, strong and of firm (?) hands (andhrakāś ca…saṁrambhiṇo yuddhaśauṇḍā balino dṛḍhapāṇayaḥ) 8. 51. 19.


C. Epic events:

(1) Sahadeva in his expedition to the south before the Rājasūya (prayayau dakṣiṇāṁ diśam 2. 28. 1; dakṣiṇābhimukho yayau 2. 28. 8; prāyād… dakṣiṇāṁ diśam 2. 28. 37) subjugated Andhras and others by merely sending messengers to them and made them pay tribute (andhrāṁs talavanāṁś caiva… dūtair eva vaśe cakre karaṁ cainān adāpayat) 2. 28. 48-49; Andhrakas are mentioned among those who attended the Rājasūya (vānavasyāndhrakās tathā) 2. 31. 11; Kṛṣṇa had seen the kings and the people of Andhraka and other countries serving at the Rājasūya (yatra sarvān mahīpālān…sacoladraviḍāndhrakān) 3. 48. 18;

(2) Kṛṣṇa told Karṇa that if he were to side with the Pāṇḍavas, Āndhras and others would move in front of him (purogamāṁś ca te santu …āndhrās tālacarāś caiva) 5. 138. 25;

(3) The army which gathered round Duryodhana for the battle was guarded by warriors of Andhra and other countries (rājacamūṁ…guptāṁ…draviḍāndhrakāñcyaiḥ) 5. 158. 19-20;

(4) On the sixteenth day of the war, Pāṇḍya king killed many horses and horse-riding Andharaka and other warriors (aśvārohān hayān api ...niṣādāndhrakataṅgaṇān) 8. 15. 9;

(5) On the seventeenth day of the war, incited by Sātyaki, Draviḍa, Andhra and Niṣāda foot-soldiers pressed on Karṇa wanting to kill him (draviḍāndhraniṣādās tu punaḥ sātyakicoditāḥ/abhyardayañ jighāṁsantaḥ pattayaḥ karṇam āhave) 8. 33. 4 (elsewhere, however, Andhras are said to be fighting for the Kauravas (see No. 3 above and the next);

(6) Mentioned by Kṛṣṇa among those who had sided with the Kurus to help Suyodhana; they could not be defeated by any one except Arjuna (andhrakāś ca pulindāś ca…ete suyodhanasyārthe saṁrabdhāḥ kurubhiḥ saha/na śakyā yudhi nirjetuṁ tvadanyena paraṁtapa//) 8. 51. 19-20;

(7) When the horse of the Aśvamedha went to Andhra and other countries, Arjuna who accompanied him was honoured by peoples of those countries (kāśīn andhrān kosalāṁś ca…tatra pūjāṁ yathānyāyaṁ pratigṛhya sa pāṇḍavaḥ) 14. 84. 4-5; but when he went again to the south he fought with Andhra and other peoples (tatrāpi draviḍair andhrai…yuddham āsīt kirīṭinaḥ) 14. 84. 11.


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Mahabharata Cultural Index[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


Andhra, Andhraka, Āndhra : m. (pl.): Name of a Janapada and its people.


A. Location: Listed by Saṁjaya among the (northern) Janapadas of the Bhāratavarṣa (ata ūrdhvaṁ janapadān nibodha gadato mama 6. 10. 37, 5); (andhrāś ca… antargiryās tathaiva ca) 6. 10. 48; according to Bhīṣma the people lived in the south (dakṣiṇāpathajanmānaḥ sarve talavarāndhrakāḥ) 12. 200. 39; Sahadeva also collected tribute from Andhras during his expedition to the south (see section C: Epic events).


B. Characteristics:

(1) According to Bhīṣma, the Andhrakas did not believe in Dhātṛ being the supervisor of all beings (adhyakṣaṁ sarvabhūtānāṁ dhātāram akarot prabhuḥ/…niradhyakṣāṁs tu kaunteya kīrtayiṣyāmi tān api//…sarve talavarāndhrakāḥ/) 12. 200. 33, 38-39; according to Bhīṣma, Andhrakas, were sinful and they led the life of dogs, crows, ravens and vultures; they did not exist in the Kṛta age, but were to be met with from the Tretā age onwards (talavarāndhrakāḥ… ete pāpakṛtas tāta caranti pṛthivīm imām śvakākabalagṛdhrāṇāṁ sadharmāṇo narādhipa//naite kṛtayuge tāta caranti pṛthivīm imām/tretāprabhṛti vartante te janā…) 12. 200. 39, 41-42; they lived like Dasyus and were attached to objects of senses (viṣayavāsinaḥ/…dasyujīvinaḥ) 12. 65. 15;

(2) Māndhātṛ asked Indra what was the Dharma of Andhras (pallavāś cāndhramadrakāḥ/…kathaṁ dharmaṁ careyus te) 12. 65. 13, 15; (the duties of Dasyus which applied also to Andhras described by Indra in 12. 65. 17-22);

(3) Kṛṣṇa described Andhraka warriors as furious, fond of fighting, strong and of firm (?) hands (andhrakāś ca…saṁrambhiṇo yuddhaśauṇḍā balino dṛḍhapāṇayaḥ) 8. 51. 19.


C. Epic events:

(1) Sahadeva in his expedition to the south before the Rājasūya (prayayau dakṣiṇāṁ diśam 2. 28. 1; dakṣiṇābhimukho yayau 2. 28. 8; prāyād… dakṣiṇāṁ diśam 2. 28. 37) subjugated Andhras and others by merely sending messengers to them and made them pay tribute (andhrāṁs talavanāṁś caiva… dūtair eva vaśe cakre karaṁ cainān adāpayat) 2. 28. 48-49; Andhrakas are mentioned among those who attended the Rājasūya (vānavasyāndhrakās tathā) 2. 31. 11; Kṛṣṇa had seen the kings and the people of Andhraka and other countries serving at the Rājasūya (yatra sarvān mahīpālān…sacoladraviḍāndhrakān) 3. 48. 18;

(2) Kṛṣṇa told Karṇa that if he were to side with the Pāṇḍavas, Āndhras and others would move in front of him (purogamāṁś ca te santu …āndhrās tālacarāś caiva) 5. 138. 25;

(3) The army which gathered round Duryodhana for the battle was guarded by warriors of Andhra and other countries (rājacamūṁ…guptāṁ…draviḍāndhrakāñcyaiḥ) 5. 158. 19-20;

(4) On the sixteenth day of the war, Pāṇḍya king killed many horses and horse-riding Andharaka and other warriors (aśvārohān hayān api ...niṣādāndhrakataṅgaṇān) 8. 15. 9;

(5) On the seventeenth day of the war, incited by Sātyaki, Draviḍa, Andhra and Niṣāda foot-soldiers pressed on Karṇa wanting to kill him (draviḍāndhraniṣādās tu punaḥ sātyakicoditāḥ/abhyardayañ jighāṁsantaḥ pattayaḥ karṇam āhave) 8. 33. 4 (elsewhere, however, Andhras are said to be fighting for the Kauravas (see No. 3 above and the next);

(6) Mentioned by Kṛṣṇa among those who had sided with the Kurus to help Suyodhana; they could not be defeated by any one except Arjuna (andhrakāś ca pulindāś ca…ete suyodhanasyārthe saṁrabdhāḥ kurubhiḥ saha/na śakyā yudhi nirjetuṁ tvadanyena paraṁtapa//) 8. 51. 19-20;

(7) When the horse of the Aśvamedha went to Andhra and other countries, Arjuna who accompanied him was honoured by peoples of those countries (kāśīn andhrān kosalāṁś ca…tatra pūjāṁ yathānyāyaṁ pratigṛhya sa pāṇḍavaḥ) 14. 84. 4-5; but when he went again to the south he fought with Andhra and other peoples (tatrāpi draviḍair andhrai…yuddham āsīt kirīṭinaḥ) 14. 84. 11.


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*2nd word in left half of page p616_mci (+offset) in original book.

previous page p615_mci .......... next page p617_mci

Vedic Index of Names and Subjects[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


Andhra is the name of a people, and is mentioned with the Puṇḍras, Śabaras, Pulindas, and Mūtibas, as being the outcasts resulting from the refusal of the fifty eldest sons of Viśvāmitra to accept his adoption of Śunaḥśepa.[१] It may fairly be deduced from this statement that these people were recognized as nonAryan, as the Andhras certainly seem to have been.[२]

  1. Aitareya Brāhmaṇa, vii. 18;
    Śāṅkhāyana Śrauta Sūtra, xv. 26, where instead of udāntyaḥ (‘beyond the borders’) the reading is udañcaḥ (‘northern’), but the former is obviously correct. The Sāṅkhāyana omits the Pulindas, and has Mūcīpas.
  2. Vincent Smith, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, 56, 657 et seq., who places them originally in Eastern India between the Kṛṣṇā and Godāvarī rivers;
    cf. Rapson, Catalogue of Indian Coins, xv., xvi.;
    Bhandarkar, Bombay Gazetteer, 1. ii. 138.
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