अंगारक

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Purana Encyclopedia[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


Aṅgāraka : m.: Name of the planet Mars; also called Bhauma (13. 151. 12), Lohitāṅga (6. 3. 17; 7. 141. 12).

Described as great (mahāgraha) 6. 3. 13; having the lustre of fire (pāvakaprabha) 6. 3. 17; having bright rays (dīptaraśmi) 7. 141. 12; Nārada saw Aṅgāraka, along with other Grahas, in the Sabhā of Brahmadeva 2. 11. 20; listed (Bhauma) with other Grahas in the Daivataṁśa 13. 151. 12; by bathing in Mahāgaṅgā at the conjunction of Mars with the Kṛttikās (kṛttikāṅgārake) and by fasting for a fortnight one is purified and obtains heaven 13. 26. 20; Aṅgāraka figures in similes and bad omens: 1. Similes: Droṇa's entry in the arena in the company of Aśvatthāman compared with the appearance of the Moon and Mars in the sky without clouds 1. 124. 18; Bāhlīka and Dhṛṣṭaketu, the king of the Cedis, fought each other as would Aṅgāraka and Budha 6. 43. 38; Drupada and Jayadratha fought each other as would Śukra and Aṅgāraka 6. 43. 54; Arjuna killed many Saṁśaptakas by adopting repeatedly oblique movements like Aṅgāraka (vakrānuvakragamanād aṅgāraka iva grahaḥ) 8. 14. 1; Alambusa, in his duel with Ghaṭotkaca, fell down on the ground as would Aṅgāraka by chance (yadṛcchayā nipatitam alambusam (7. 84. 26), bhūmāv aṅgārakaṁ yathā) 7. 84. 27; Bhūri, a Kaurava, when struck by the śakti of Sātyaki fell down on the ground from his chariot as would Mars, by chance, from the sky (lohitāṅga ivākāśād dīptaraśmir yadṛcchayā) 7. 141. 12. 2. Omens: Vyāsa told Dhṛtarāṣṭra that Aṇgāraka making retrograde (vakra) movement in the constellation Maghā indicated fierce destruction of the two armies (senayor aśivaṁ ghoraṁ kariṣyati mahāgrahaḥ/maghāsv aṅgārako vakraḥ) 6. 3. 13; another bad omen pointed out by Vyāsa to Dhṛtarāṣṭra before the war was that Mars, the red-bodied one (lohitāṅga), after making repeated retrograde movements and returning to the Brahmarāśi was established in the Śravaṇa nakṣatra (vakrānuvakraṁ kṛtvā ca śravaṇe pāvakaprabhaḥ/brahmarāśiṁ samāvṛtya lohitāṅgo vyavasthitaḥ/) 6. 3. 17 (Nī. on Bom. Ed. 6. 3. 18: tatraiva sarvatobhadracakre maghāstho lohitāṅgo 'ṅgārako vakrānuvakraṁ punaḥpunar vakrībhūya brahmaṇā bṛhaspatinākrāntam rāśiṁ nakṣatraṁ śravaṇaṁ samāvṛtya samyak pūrṇadṛṣṭyā viddhvā tiṣṭhati); among the bad omens noticed by Karṇa and pointed out to Kṛṣṇa one referred to the retrograde motion of Mars in Jyeṣṭhā and his wooing Anurādhā thereby as though tranquilizing the Maitra Nakṣatrayoga (kṛtvā cāṅgārako vakraṁ jyeṣṭhāyāṁ madhusūdana/anurādhāṁ prārthayate maitraṁ saṁśamayann iva//) 5. 141. 8 (Nī., however, on Bom. Ed. 5. 143. 9: jyeṣṭhām aprāpya yadi bhaumo vakrībhavet tarhi jyeṣṭhasya rājñaḥ ye 'mitrabhūtās te sarve naśyeyur iti bhāvaḥ/maitraṁ [mitrasamūhaṁ saṁgamayan nāśayan/“vaivasvataṁ saṁgamanaṁ janānām” (RV. 10. 14. 1) ity ādau saṁpūrvasya gamer māraṇārthatvadarśanāt).


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*2nd word in left half of page p229_mci (+offset) in original book.

previous page p228_mci .......... next page p230_mci

Mahabharata Cultural Index[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


Aṅgāraka : m.: Name of the planet Mars; also called Bhauma (13. 151. 12), Lohitāṅga (6. 3. 17; 7. 141. 12).

Described as great (mahāgraha) 6. 3. 13; having the lustre of fire (pāvakaprabha) 6. 3. 17; having bright rays (dīptaraśmi) 7. 141. 12; Nārada saw Aṅgāraka, along with other Grahas, in the Sabhā of Brahmadeva 2. 11. 20; listed (Bhauma) with other Grahas in the Daivataṁśa 13. 151. 12; by bathing in Mahāgaṅgā at the conjunction of Mars with the Kṛttikās (kṛttikāṅgārake) and by fasting for a fortnight one is purified and obtains heaven 13. 26. 20; Aṅgāraka figures in similes and bad omens: 1. Similes: Droṇa's entry in the arena in the company of Aśvatthāman compared with the appearance of the Moon and Mars in the sky without clouds 1. 124. 18; Bāhlīka and Dhṛṣṭaketu, the king of the Cedis, fought each other as would Aṅgāraka and Budha 6. 43. 38; Drupada and Jayadratha fought each other as would Śukra and Aṅgāraka 6. 43. 54; Arjuna killed many Saṁśaptakas by adopting repeatedly oblique movements like Aṅgāraka (vakrānuvakragamanād aṅgāraka iva grahaḥ) 8. 14. 1; Alambusa, in his duel with Ghaṭotkaca, fell down on the ground as would Aṅgāraka by chance (yadṛcchayā nipatitam alambusam (7. 84. 26), bhūmāv aṅgārakaṁ yathā) 7. 84. 27; Bhūri, a Kaurava, when struck by the śakti of Sātyaki fell down on the ground from his chariot as would Mars, by chance, from the sky (lohitāṅga ivākāśād dīptaraśmir yadṛcchayā) 7. 141. 12. 2. Omens: Vyāsa told Dhṛtarāṣṭra that Aṇgāraka making retrograde (vakra) movement in the constellation Maghā indicated fierce destruction of the two armies (senayor aśivaṁ ghoraṁ kariṣyati mahāgrahaḥ/maghāsv aṅgārako vakraḥ) 6. 3. 13; another bad omen pointed out by Vyāsa to Dhṛtarāṣṭra before the war was that Mars, the red-bodied one (lohitāṅga), after making repeated retrograde movements and returning to the Brahmarāśi was established in the Śravaṇa nakṣatra (vakrānuvakraṁ kṛtvā ca śravaṇe pāvakaprabhaḥ/brahmarāśiṁ samāvṛtya lohitāṅgo vyavasthitaḥ/) 6. 3. 17 (Nī. on Bom. Ed. 6. 3. 18: tatraiva sarvatobhadracakre maghāstho lohitāṅgo 'ṅgārako vakrānuvakraṁ punaḥpunar vakrībhūya brahmaṇā bṛhaspatinākrāntam rāśiṁ nakṣatraṁ śravaṇaṁ samāvṛtya samyak pūrṇadṛṣṭyā viddhvā tiṣṭhati); among the bad omens noticed by Karṇa and pointed out to Kṛṣṇa one referred to the retrograde motion of Mars in Jyeṣṭhā and his wooing Anurādhā thereby as though tranquilizing the Maitra Nakṣatrayoga (kṛtvā cāṅgārako vakraṁ jyeṣṭhāyāṁ madhusūdana/anurādhāṁ prārthayate maitraṁ saṁśamayann iva//) 5. 141. 8 (Nī., however, on Bom. Ed. 5. 143. 9: jyeṣṭhām aprāpya yadi bhaumo vakrībhavet tarhi jyeṣṭhasya rājñaḥ ye 'mitrabhūtās te sarve naśyeyur iti bhāvaḥ/maitraṁ [mitrasamūhaṁ saṁgamayan nāśayan/“vaivasvataṁ saṁgamanaṁ janānām” (RV. 10. 14. 1) ity ādau saṁpūrvasya gamer māraṇārthatvadarśanāt).


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*2nd word in left half of page p229_mci (+offset) in original book.

previous page p228_mci .......... next page p230_mci

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