दंड

Wiktionary तः
अत्र गम्यताम् : सञ्चरणम्, अन्वेषणम्

यन्त्रोपारोपितकोशांशः[सम्पाद्यताम्]

Purana Encyclopedia[सम्पाद्यताम्]

Attention yellow.png

पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


Daṇḍa  : m.: A missile associated with Yama, Antaka, Mṛtyu, Kāla, Brahman and Rudra.


A. Creation: Indra got heavy Daṇḍas made (kārayām āsa…gurudaṃḍāṁś ca puṣkatān), and other heavenly missiles (like vajrāṇi and cakrāṇi) out of the bones of the sage Dadhīca 9. 50. 30; Śiva is called the creator of the Brahmadaṇḍa (brahmadaṇḍavinirmātā) 13. 17. 130.


B. Associations:

(1) It was looked upon as a weapon specially of Yama (cf. the expression Yamadaṇḍa in section


C. below); hence Yama called ‘holding daṇḍa in hand’ (daṇḍapāṇi) 3. 12. 46; 3. 42. 10; (daṇḍahasta) 8. 29. 28 (Vaivasvata); (daṇḍadhāra) 3. 40. 38; or ‘equipped with Daṇḍa’ (daṇḍin) 1. 180. 16; it was Yama who gave his irresistible (aprativāraṇa) Daṇḍa to Arjuna with proper rites (vidhivat), together with the mantras (samantram), and instruction regarding its full operation (sopacāram = setikartavyatākam according to Nī. on Bom. Ed. 3. 41. 26), its release (samokṣam), and withdrawl (sanivartanam); Arjuna was supposed to perform great deeds with it 3. 42. 23-24; 3. 89. 12; 4. 56. 14; 7. 53. 43; 12. 5. 13; Yama held it (kāladaṇḍa) when he wished to fight with Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna at the time of the Khāṇḍava fire 1. 218. 31, 37; some people afraid to commit sins due to their fear of Yama's Daṇḍa 12. 15. 5; (a king punishing the unrighteous with daṇḍa (punishment) acts like Yama 12. 68. 45);

(2) of Antaka (cf. the expression Antakadaṇḍa in section


C. below); hence Antaka called daṇḍapāṇi 4. 22. 19; 5. 50. 7; 6. 50. 2; 6. 58. 51; 6. 59. 11; 6. 78. 57; 6. 103. 68; 8. 43. 70; 9. 18. 46; 9. 24. 28; daṇḍahasta 2. 72. 31; 6. 98. 35; 7. 14. 5; 7. 131. 30; 9. 25. 2; 9. 31. 39;

(3) of Mṛtyu (cf. the expression Mṛtyudaṇḍa in section


C. below) who is equipped with fierce Daṇḍa 1. 167. 19;

(4) of Kāla (cf. the expression Kāladaṇḍa in section


C. below); Kāla called ‘equipped with daṇḍa’ (daṇḍin) 9. 60. 60; Yama held kāladaṇḍa 1. 218. 31; Antaka held kāladaṇḍa 7. 107. 87;

(5) of Brahman (cf. the expression Brahmadaṇḍa in section


C. below); angry Sudhanvan compared with the burning Brahmadaṇḍa 2. 61. 62; Vāsuki, afraid of his mother's curse, confused the directions as though he was tormented by Brahmadaṇḍa 1. 49. 22; Āstīka would destroy the Brahmadaṇḍa (mahāghora) of which Vāsuki was so much afraid 1. 49. 24; serpents, struck by Brahmadaṇḍa, fell into the snake sacrifice of Janamejaya 1. 52. 22; Brahmadaṇḍa mentioned among the missiles which should be known to a king 2. 5. 111; Brahmadaṇḍa and other missiles moved around the chariot of Śiva (pariskandāḥ) to guard it in all directions 8. 24. 79;

(6) of Rudra: Rudradaṇḍa among those missiles which moved round the chariot of Śiva (pariskandāḥ) to guard it in all directions 8. 24. 29.


C. Comparisons: Missiles like arrows, gadā, śakti, or even a tree or a stick used as a powerful weapon, compared with the daṇḍa (Yamadaṇḍa, Antakadaṇḍa, Mṛtyudaṇḍa, Kāladaṇḍa or Brahmadaṇḍa): (a) arrows:

(1) of Droṇa compared with Yamadaṇḍa 6. 102. 5 (śita); with Kāladaṇḍa 6. 43. 30 (mahāghora); with Mṛtyudaṇḍa 6. 49. 9; with Brahmadaṇḍa 7. 164. 122;

(2) of Arjuna compared with Yamadaṇḍa 6. 106. 39 (ghora); 9. 26. 42 (śita); with Antakadaṇḍa 8. 66. 31; with Brahmadaṇḍa 6. 114. 57;

(3) of Bhīma compared with Mṛtyudaṇḍa 6. 76. 5 (ghora); with Yamadaṇḍa 9. 25. 22 (śubha ‘shining’ ?); 7. 108. 25;

(4) of Karṇa compared with Mṛtyudaṇḍa 8. 42. 12;

(5) of Aśvatthāman compared with Yamadaṇḍa 7. 141. 34 (ghora); 9. 13. 38 (tīkṣṇa); with Antakadaṇḍa 8. 15. 39;

(6) of Sātyaki compared with Yamadaṇḍa 6. 70. 20 (ghora); 7. 92. 38;

(7) of Jayadratha compared with Yamadaṇḍa 6. 81. 30;

(8) of Abhimanyu compared with Yamadaṇḍa 6. 96. 4 (ghora);

(9) of Alaṁbusa compared with Yamadaṇḍa 6. 97. 18 (śita);

(10) of Nakula compared with Yamadaṇḍa 8. 17. 15;

(11) of Sahadeva compared with Yamadaṇḍa 8. 17. 38 (tviṣ);

(12) of Śrutarvan compared with Yamadaṇḍa 9. 25. 22 (śubha ‘shining’ ?);

(13) of Rāma compared with Brahmadaṇḍa 3. 274. 27; (b) gadā:

(1) of Bhīma compared with Yamadaṇḍa 3. 152. 15 (gurvī); 6. 58. 57 (gurvī); 6. 59. 16 (ugrā); 6. 81. 33; 6. 90. 21 (gurvī); 9. 10. 43; 9. 56. 12 (gurvī, raudrī, viśasanī); 9. 56. 24-25 (gurvī, ghorā); compared with the Daṇḍa of Antaka 2. 72. 31; 5. 50. 7 (ghorā); 6. 50. 2; 6. 58. 51; 6. 59. 11 (gurvī, mahatī); 6. 78. 57; 9. 18. 46 (mahatī); 9. 24. 28 (mahatī); 9. 25. 2 (gadā not mentioned); compared with the Daṇḍa of Kāla 7. 102. 87; 7. 104. 3; 7. 170. 46; with the Daṇḍa of Brahman 5. 50. 8;

(2) of Dhṛṣṭadyumna compared with Yamadaṇḍa 6. 112. 47;

(3) of Duryodhana: Duryodhana with his gadā compared with Antaka holding daṇḍa 9. 31. 39; Duryodhana with his gadā in hand cannot be killed even by Kāla armed with his Daṇḍa (kālenāpīha daṇḍinā) 9. 60. 60;

(4) Śalya with his gadā compared with Antaka holding daṇḍa 7. 14. 5; (c) śakti:

(1) of Rāma Jāmadagnya compared with Yamadaṇḍa 5. 185. 5 (prabhā);

(2) of Bhagadatta compared with Yamadaṇḍa 6. 107. 11 (dṛḍhā, ghorā);

(3) of Yudhiṣṭhira compared with Brahmadaṇḍa 9. 16. 42 (ugrarūpā); (d) śūla: of Rāvaṇa hurled against Rāma compared with Brahmadaṇḍa 3. 274. 19; cut off by Rāma 3. 274. 20; (e) tomara: Naiṣādi (not identified) armed with tomara compared with Antaka holding the daṇḍa 8. 43. 70; (f) Bow:

(1) Ghaṭotkaca with bow in his hand compared with Antaka holding daṇḍa in his hand 7. 131. 30; with Antaka holding Kāladaṇḍa in hand 7. 150. 33 (ugra);

(2) Aśvatthāman (bow not mentioned) compared with Kāla holding Daṇḍa 5. 164. 10; (g) a tusk of an elephant: Bhīma holding a tusk compared with Antaka holding his Daṇḍa 6. 98. 35; (h) a tree or a stick:

(1) the tree held by Bhīma compared with the Daṇḍa of Yama (Pitṛrāja) 1. 180. 16 (ugra); the tree of Bhīma to fight with Kirmīra compared with Yamadaṇḍa 3. 12. 43; Bhīma with tree in hand compared with Antaka holding his Daṇḍa 4. 22. 19;

(2) the tree of Kirmīra compared with the Daṇḍa of Yama (not named) 3. 12. 46;

(3) King Kalmāṣapāda with stick (kāṣṭha) in hand compared with Mṛtyu holding Daṇḍa 1. 167. 19 (ugra);

(4) the stick (daṇḍa) held by Ruru compared with Kāladaṇḍa 1. 9. 21;

(5) the tridaṇḍa held by Śunaḥsakha compared with Brahmadaṇḍa 13. 95. 48;

(6) Garuḍa: compared with a raised Brahmadaṇḍa 1. 26. 7. [See Kiṁkara ]


_______________________________
*1st word in left half of page p106_mci (+offset) in original book.

previous page p105_mci .......... next page p108_mci

Mahabharata Cultural Index[सम्पाद्यताम्]

Attention yellow.png

पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


Daṇḍa  : m.: A missile associated with Yama, Antaka, Mṛtyu, Kāla, Brahman and Rudra.


A. Creation: Indra got heavy Daṇḍas made (kārayām āsa…gurudaṃḍāṁś ca puṣkatān), and other heavenly missiles (like vajrāṇi and cakrāṇi) out of the bones of the sage Dadhīca 9. 50. 30; Śiva is called the creator of the Brahmadaṇḍa (brahmadaṇḍavinirmātā) 13. 17. 130.


B. Associations:

(1) It was looked upon as a weapon specially of Yama (cf. the expression Yamadaṇḍa in section


C. below); hence Yama called ‘holding daṇḍa in hand’ (daṇḍapāṇi) 3. 12. 46; 3. 42. 10; (daṇḍahasta) 8. 29. 28 (Vaivasvata); (daṇḍadhāra) 3. 40. 38; or ‘equipped with Daṇḍa’ (daṇḍin) 1. 180. 16; it was Yama who gave his irresistible (aprativāraṇa) Daṇḍa to Arjuna with proper rites (vidhivat), together with the mantras (samantram), and instruction regarding its full operation (sopacāram = setikartavyatākam according to Nī. on Bom. Ed. 3. 41. 26), its release (samokṣam), and withdrawl (sanivartanam); Arjuna was supposed to perform great deeds with it 3. 42. 23-24; 3. 89. 12; 4. 56. 14; 7. 53. 43; 12. 5. 13; Yama held it (kāladaṇḍa) when he wished to fight with Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna at the time of the Khāṇḍava fire 1. 218. 31, 37; some people afraid to commit sins due to their fear of Yama's Daṇḍa 12. 15. 5; (a king punishing the unrighteous with daṇḍa (punishment) acts like Yama 12. 68. 45);

(2) of Antaka (cf. the expression Antakadaṇḍa in section


C. below); hence Antaka called daṇḍapāṇi 4. 22. 19; 5. 50. 7; 6. 50. 2; 6. 58. 51; 6. 59. 11; 6. 78. 57; 6. 103. 68; 8. 43. 70; 9. 18. 46; 9. 24. 28; daṇḍahasta 2. 72. 31; 6. 98. 35; 7. 14. 5; 7. 131. 30; 9. 25. 2; 9. 31. 39;

(3) of Mṛtyu (cf. the expression Mṛtyudaṇḍa in section


C. below) who is equipped with fierce Daṇḍa 1. 167. 19;

(4) of Kāla (cf. the expression Kāladaṇḍa in section


C. below); Kāla called ‘equipped with daṇḍa’ (daṇḍin) 9. 60. 60; Yama held kāladaṇḍa 1. 218. 31; Antaka held kāladaṇḍa 7. 107. 87;

(5) of Brahman (cf. the expression Brahmadaṇḍa in section


C. below); angry Sudhanvan compared with the burning Brahmadaṇḍa 2. 61. 62; Vāsuki, afraid of his mother's curse, confused the directions as though he was tormented by Brahmadaṇḍa 1. 49. 22; Āstīka would destroy the Brahmadaṇḍa (mahāghora) of which Vāsuki was so much afraid 1. 49. 24; serpents, struck by Brahmadaṇḍa, fell into the snake sacrifice of Janamejaya 1. 52. 22; Brahmadaṇḍa mentioned among the missiles which should be known to a king 2. 5. 111; Brahmadaṇḍa and other missiles moved around the chariot of Śiva (pariskandāḥ) to guard it in all directions 8. 24. 79;

(6) of Rudra: Rudradaṇḍa among those missiles which moved round the chariot of Śiva (pariskandāḥ) to guard it in all directions 8. 24. 29.


C. Comparisons: Missiles like arrows, gadā, śakti, or even a tree or a stick used as a powerful weapon, compared with the daṇḍa (Yamadaṇḍa, Antakadaṇḍa, Mṛtyudaṇḍa, Kāladaṇḍa or Brahmadaṇḍa): (a) arrows:

(1) of Droṇa compared with Yamadaṇḍa 6. 102. 5 (śita); with Kāladaṇḍa 6. 43. 30 (mahāghora); with Mṛtyudaṇḍa 6. 49. 9; with Brahmadaṇḍa 7. 164. 122;

(2) of Arjuna compared with Yamadaṇḍa 6. 106. 39 (ghora); 9. 26. 42 (śita); with Antakadaṇḍa 8. 66. 31; with Brahmadaṇḍa 6. 114. 57;

(3) of Bhīma compared with Mṛtyudaṇḍa 6. 76. 5 (ghora); with Yamadaṇḍa 9. 25. 22 (śubha ‘shining’ ?); 7. 108. 25;

(4) of Karṇa compared with Mṛtyudaṇḍa 8. 42. 12;

(5) of Aśvatthāman compared with Yamadaṇḍa 7. 141. 34 (ghora); 9. 13. 38 (tīkṣṇa); with Antakadaṇḍa 8. 15. 39;

(6) of Sātyaki compared with Yamadaṇḍa 6. 70. 20 (ghora); 7. 92. 38;

(7) of Jayadratha compared with Yamadaṇḍa 6. 81. 30;

(8) of Abhimanyu compared with Yamadaṇḍa 6. 96. 4 (ghora);

(9) of Alaṁbusa compared with Yamadaṇḍa 6. 97. 18 (śita);

(10) of Nakula compared with Yamadaṇḍa 8. 17. 15;

(11) of Sahadeva compared with Yamadaṇḍa 8. 17. 38 (tviṣ);

(12) of Śrutarvan compared with Yamadaṇḍa 9. 25. 22 (śubha ‘shining’ ?);

(13) of Rāma compared with Brahmadaṇḍa 3. 274. 27; (b) gadā:

(1) of Bhīma compared with Yamadaṇḍa 3. 152. 15 (gurvī); 6. 58. 57 (gurvī); 6. 59. 16 (ugrā); 6. 81. 33; 6. 90. 21 (gurvī); 9. 10. 43; 9. 56. 12 (gurvī, raudrī, viśasanī); 9. 56. 24-25 (gurvī, ghorā); compared with the Daṇḍa of Antaka 2. 72. 31; 5. 50. 7 (ghorā); 6. 50. 2; 6. 58. 51; 6. 59. 11 (gurvī, mahatī); 6. 78. 57; 9. 18. 46 (mahatī); 9. 24. 28 (mahatī); 9. 25. 2 (gadā not mentioned); compared with the Daṇḍa of Kāla 7. 102. 87; 7. 104. 3; 7. 170. 46; with the Daṇḍa of Brahman 5. 50. 8;

(2) of Dhṛṣṭadyumna compared with Yamadaṇḍa 6. 112. 47;

(3) of Duryodhana: Duryodhana with his gadā compared with Antaka holding daṇḍa 9. 31. 39; Duryodhana with his gadā in hand cannot be killed even by Kāla armed with his Daṇḍa (kālenāpīha daṇḍinā) 9. 60. 60;

(4) Śalya with his gadā compared with Antaka holding daṇḍa 7. 14. 5; (c) śakti:

(1) of Rāma Jāmadagnya compared with Yamadaṇḍa 5. 185. 5 (prabhā);

(2) of Bhagadatta compared with Yamadaṇḍa 6. 107. 11 (dṛḍhā, ghorā);

(3) of Yudhiṣṭhira compared with Brahmadaṇḍa 9. 16. 42 (ugrarūpā); (d) śūla: of Rāvaṇa hurled against Rāma compared with Brahmadaṇḍa 3. 274. 19; cut off by Rāma 3. 274. 20; (e) tomara: Naiṣādi (not identified) armed with tomara compared with Antaka holding the daṇḍa 8. 43. 70; (f) Bow:

(1) Ghaṭotkaca with bow in his hand compared with Antaka holding daṇḍa in his hand 7. 131. 30; with Antaka holding Kāladaṇḍa in hand 7. 150. 33 (ugra);

(2) Aśvatthāman (bow not mentioned) compared with Kāla holding Daṇḍa 5. 164. 10; (g) a tusk of an elephant: Bhīma holding a tusk compared with Antaka holding his Daṇḍa 6. 98. 35; (h) a tree or a stick:

(1) the tree held by Bhīma compared with the Daṇḍa of Yama (Pitṛrāja) 1. 180. 16 (ugra); the tree of Bhīma to fight with Kirmīra compared with Yamadaṇḍa 3. 12. 43; Bhīma with tree in hand compared with Antaka holding his Daṇḍa 4. 22. 19;

(2) the tree of Kirmīra compared with the Daṇḍa of Yama (not named) 3. 12. 46;

(3) King Kalmāṣapāda with stick (kāṣṭha) in hand compared with Mṛtyu holding Daṇḍa 1. 167. 19 (ugra);

(4) the stick (daṇḍa) held by Ruru compared with Kāladaṇḍa 1. 9. 21;

(5) the tridaṇḍa held by Śunaḥsakha compared with Brahmadaṇḍa 13. 95. 48;

(6) Garuḍa: compared with a raised Brahmadaṇḍa 1. 26. 7. [See Kiṁkara ]


_______________________________
*1st word in left half of page p106_mci (+offset) in original book.

previous page p105_mci .......... next page p108_mci

"https://sa.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=दंड&oldid=457615" इत्यस्माद् पुनः प्राप्तिः