सैन्य

विकिशब्दकोशः तः
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यन्त्रोपारोपितकोशांशः[सम्पाद्यताम्]

कल्पद्रुमः[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


सैन्यम्, क्ली, (सेना एव । चतुवर्णादित्वात् ष्यञ् ।) सेना इत्यमरः । २ । ८ । ७८ ॥ (यथा, मार्कण्डेये । ८७ । २१ । “हतशेषं ततः सैन्यं दृष्ट्वा चण्डं निपातितम् । मुण्डञ्च सुमहावीर्य्यं दिशो भेजे भयातुरम् ॥”)

सैन्यः, पुं, (सेनां समवैतीति । सेना + “सेनाया वा ।” ४ । ४ । ४५ । इति ण्यः ।) सेनासमवेतः । इत्यमरः । २ । ८ । ६१ । “मिलितहत्स्यश्वरथ- पादातं सेना तत्र ये समवेता एकदेशीभूतास्ते सैन्याः सैनिकाश्च ।” इति भरतः ॥ किञ्च । “सैन्यं क्लीवं बलेऽंशे ना समवेते तु वाच्यवत् ॥” इति मेदिनी ॥

अमरकोशः[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


सैन्य पुं।

सेनायां_समवेतः

समानार्थक:सैन्य,सैनिक

2।8।61।2।1

भटा योधाश्च योद्धारः सेना रक्षास्तु सैनिकाः। सेनायां समवेता ये सैन्यास्ते सैनिकाश्च ते॥

स्वामी : सेनारक्षकः

सम्बन्धि1 : सेना

पदार्थ-विभागः : , द्रव्यम्, पृथ्वी, चलसजीवः, मनुष्यः

सैन्य पुं।

सेना

समानार्थक:बल,ध्वजिनी,वाहिनी,सेना,पृतना,अनीकिनी,चमू,वरूथिनी,बल,सैन्य,चक्र,अनीक

2।8।78।2।3

ध्वजिनी वाहिनी सेना पृतनानीकिनी चमूः। वरूथिनी बलं सैन्यं चक्रं चानीकमस्त्रियाम्.।

अवयव : हस्तिः,यूथमुख्यहस्तिः,हस्तिवृन्दम्,निर्बलहस्त्यश्वसमूहः,अश्वः,अश्वसमूहः,रथः,रथसमूहः,वाहनम्,हस्तिपकः,सारथिः,रथारूढयोद्धा,अश्वारोहः,योद्धा,सेनारक्षकः,सहस्रभटनेता,सेनानियन्तः,सैन्याधिपतिः,धृतकवचगणः,पदातिसमूहः,आयुधजीविः,धनुर्धरः,बाणधारिः,शक्त्यायुधधारिः,यष्टिहेतिकः,पर्श्वधहेतिकः,खड्गधारिः,प्रासायुधिः,कुन्तायुधिः,फलकधारकः,ध्वजधारिः,सैन्यपृष्टानीकः,चमूजघनः

स्वामी : सैन्याधिपतिः

सम्बन्धि2 : सैन्यवासस्थानम्,सैन्यरक्षणप्रहरिकादिः,सेनायां_समवेतः

वृत्तिवान् : सेनारक्षकः,सैन्याधिपतिः

 : हस्त्यश्वरथपादातसेना, पदातिः, पदातिसमूहः, सैन्यव्यूहः, व्यूहपृष्टभागः, सैन्यपृष्टानीकः, पत्तिसेना, सेनामुखनामकसेना, गुल्मसेना, गणसेना, वाहिनीसेना, पृतनासेना, चमूसेना, अनीकिनीसेना, अक्षौहिणीसेना, प्रस्थितसैन्यः, अतिसङ्कुलसैन्याः

पदार्थ-विभागः : समूहः, द्रव्यम्, पृथ्वी, चलसजीवः, मनुष्यः

वाचस्पत्यम्[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


सैन्य¦ पु॰ सेनायां समवैति ञ्य।

१ मिलिते हस्त्यश्वादौअमरः। सेनानां सङ्घः ष्यञ्।

२ सेनासमुदाये न॰।

शब्दसागरः[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


सैन्य¦ n. (-न्यं) An army. m. (-न्यः)
1. A soldier under arms, one drawn up in array.
2. A guard, a sentinel. E. सेना an army, ण्य or ष्यञ् aff.

Apte[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


सैन्यः [sainyḥ], [सेनायां समवैति त्र्य]

A soldier; सैन्याः श्रियामनुप- भोगनिरर्थकत्वदोषप्रवादममृजन्नगनिम्नगानाम् Śi.5.28.

A guard, sentinel.

न्यम् An army, a troop; स प्रतस्थे$रि- नाशाय हरिसैन्यैरनुद्रुतः R.12.67.

A camp. -Comp. -क्षोभः a mutiny in an army. -दुर्गमम् a kind of fort; अभेद्यं व्यूहविद्वीरव्याप्तं तत्सैन्यदुर्गमम् Śukra.4.851. -शिरस् n. the van of an army.

Monier-Williams[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


सैन्य mfn. belonging to or proceeding from an army MBh. Hariv.

सैन्य m. ( ifc. f( आ). )a soldier( pl. " troops ") R.

सैन्य m. an army MBh. Ra1jat.

सैन्य m. a sentinel , guard L.

सैन्य n. a body of troops , army MBh. R. etc.

सैन्य n. a camp VarBr2S.

Purana index[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


--an army of four-fold forces and of six limbs; a nuisance to peace. Br. III. २६. ५२-3; २७. १२-13; ३८. १८; ४८. 7. [page३-693+ २६]

Purana Encyclopedia[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


Sainya : m.: Name of one of the four horses yoked to Kṛṣṇa's chariot driven by Dāruka 5. 81. 58, 59; 5. 129. 22; 5. 135. 29; 7. 56. 35; 7. 122. 44; 12. 53. 21.


A. Description: Excellent (varāśva 12. 46. 35; vājivara 7. 56. 35; hayodagra 7. 122. 45); of excellent Kamboja breed (paramakāṁboja) 10. 13. 1; decorated with gold strings (hemamālin) 10. 13. 1, having harness of gold (hemabhāṇḍavibhūṣita) 7. 122. 45, their bodies decorated with gold (kāñcanavibhūṣitāṅga) 12. 46. 35; very strong (mahābala) 12. 53. 23; endowed with all excellences (saṁpannaiḥ sarvasaṁpadā) 5. 81. 19; moving at will (kāmaga) 7. 122. 45; very swift (mahāvega) 7. 122. 45, (vegavant) 12. 53. 23, (javopeta) 10. 13. 7, (śīghragāmin) 10. 13. 9, swift like mind (manojava) 12. 46. 35, or like mind and wind (manomārutaraṁhas) 5. 135. 29; compared with falcons for speed (śyenā ivāśugāḥ) 5. 135. 30; when they sped along they touched the ground so lightly that they appeared to swallow the sky (gāṁ khurāgrais tathā rājaĩ likhantaḥ prayayus tadā/te grasanta ivākāśam) 12. 53. 22-23; (te pibanta ivākāśam) 5. 135. 29; or they appear to drink the path and swallow the sky (panthānam ācemur iva grasamānā ivāmbaram) 5. 81. 59; due to high speed they produced big noise as is done by flying birds 10. 13. 9.


B. Function: Sainya carried the yoke on the right side (while Sugrīva carried it on the left) 10. 13. 2 (however, Uttara compared the side-horse yoked on the left of his chariot with Sainya 4. 40. 20); often only these two, and not all the four, mentioned as yoked to Kṛṣṇa's chariot, especially if the chariot did not figure in the war-context, hence Kṛṣṇa's epithet sainyasugrīvavāhanaḥ 2. 2. 13; 5. 81. 58; 9. 61. 39.


C. Mention on various occasions: 1. Only the two, yoked to the chariot:

(1) when the chariot was used by Arjuna to abduct Subhadrā (under the pretext of going out for hunting) 1. 212. 3;

(2) when Kṛṣṇa's chariot was made ready for his departure for Dvārakā from Khāṇḍavaprastha 2. 2. 13;

(3) when Kṛṣṇa marched out of Dvārakā to attack Śālva and his town Saubha 3. 21. 12;

(4) when Kṛṣṇa started for Dvārakā after meeting the Pāṇḍavas in the forest 3. 23. 45;

(5) when Kṛṣṇa came again to meet the Pāṇḍavas in the Kāmyaka forest 3. 180. 6;

(6) when Kṛṣṇa left the Kauravas and went to meet Kuntī 5. 129. 22, (but all the four horses yoked when he left Hāstinapura 5. 135. 28-30);

(7) when Kṛṣṇa went to pacify Gāndhārī after the death of Duryodhana 9. 61. 39;

(8) when Kṛṣṇa (and Sātyaki) accompanied Yudhiṣṭhira when he entered Hāstinapura after the war 12. 38. 39; 2. All the four, i. e. Sainya, Sugrīva, Meghapuṣpa and Balāhaka, yoked to the chariot mostly when the chariot figured in the context of the war:

(1) when the chariot was to be kept ready for Kṛṣṇa's likely intervention in the war to kill the Kaurava heroes to enable Arjuna to fulfil his vow to kill Jayadratha before the sunset 7. 56. 35;

(2) when the chariot was brought to Sātyaki when he lost his chariot while fighting with Karṇa 7. 122. 45;

(3) when Kṛṣṇa followed Bhīma who had left in pursuit of Aśvatthāman 10. 13. 2;

(4) when Kṛṣṇa left for Hāstinapura on his peace mission 5. 81. 19; 5. 81. 58-59 (here although only Sainya and Sugrīva are named all the four are intended, cf. te hayāḥ), and on his return journey 5. 135. 28-30;

(5) when Kṛṣṇa went to meet Bhīṣma 12. 53. 21; 12. 46. 35 (here also although only Sainya and Sugrīva are named, all the four are intended, cf. varāśvaiḥ).


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Mahabharata Cultural Index[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


Sainya : m.: Name of one of the four horses yoked to Kṛṣṇa's chariot driven by Dāruka 5. 81. 58, 59; 5. 129. 22; 5. 135. 29; 7. 56. 35; 7. 122. 44; 12. 53. 21.


A. Description: Excellent (varāśva 12. 46. 35; vājivara 7. 56. 35; hayodagra 7. 122. 45); of excellent Kamboja breed (paramakāṁboja) 10. 13. 1; decorated with gold strings (hemamālin) 10. 13. 1, having harness of gold (hemabhāṇḍavibhūṣita) 7. 122. 45, their bodies decorated with gold (kāñcanavibhūṣitāṅga) 12. 46. 35; very strong (mahābala) 12. 53. 23; endowed with all excellences (saṁpannaiḥ sarvasaṁpadā) 5. 81. 19; moving at will (kāmaga) 7. 122. 45; very swift (mahāvega) 7. 122. 45, (vegavant) 12. 53. 23, (javopeta) 10. 13. 7, (śīghragāmin) 10. 13. 9, swift like mind (manojava) 12. 46. 35, or like mind and wind (manomārutaraṁhas) 5. 135. 29; compared with falcons for speed (śyenā ivāśugāḥ) 5. 135. 30; when they sped along they touched the ground so lightly that they appeared to swallow the sky (gāṁ khurāgrais tathā rājaĩ likhantaḥ prayayus tadā/te grasanta ivākāśam) 12. 53. 22-23; (te pibanta ivākāśam) 5. 135. 29; or they appear to drink the path and swallow the sky (panthānam ācemur iva grasamānā ivāmbaram) 5. 81. 59; due to high speed they produced big noise as is done by flying birds 10. 13. 9.


B. Function: Sainya carried the yoke on the right side (while Sugrīva carried it on the left) 10. 13. 2 (however, Uttara compared the side-horse yoked on the left of his chariot with Sainya 4. 40. 20); often only these two, and not all the four, mentioned as yoked to Kṛṣṇa's chariot, especially if the chariot did not figure in the war-context, hence Kṛṣṇa's epithet sainyasugrīvavāhanaḥ 2. 2. 13; 5. 81. 58; 9. 61. 39.


C. Mention on various occasions: 1. Only the two, yoked to the chariot:

(1) when the chariot was used by Arjuna to abduct Subhadrā (under the pretext of going out for hunting) 1. 212. 3;

(2) when Kṛṣṇa's chariot was made ready for his departure for Dvārakā from Khāṇḍavaprastha 2. 2. 13;

(3) when Kṛṣṇa marched out of Dvārakā to attack Śālva and his town Saubha 3. 21. 12;

(4) when Kṛṣṇa started for Dvārakā after meeting the Pāṇḍavas in the forest 3. 23. 45;

(5) when Kṛṣṇa came again to meet the Pāṇḍavas in the Kāmyaka forest 3. 180. 6;

(6) when Kṛṣṇa left the Kauravas and went to meet Kuntī 5. 129. 22, (but all the four horses yoked when he left Hāstinapura 5. 135. 28-30);

(7) when Kṛṣṇa went to pacify Gāndhārī after the death of Duryodhana 9. 61. 39;

(8) when Kṛṣṇa (and Sātyaki) accompanied Yudhiṣṭhira when he entered Hāstinapura after the war 12. 38. 39; 2. All the four, i. e. Sainya, Sugrīva, Meghapuṣpa and Balāhaka, yoked to the chariot mostly when the chariot figured in the context of the war:

(1) when the chariot was to be kept ready for Kṛṣṇa's likely intervention in the war to kill the Kaurava heroes to enable Arjuna to fulfil his vow to kill Jayadratha before the sunset 7. 56. 35;

(2) when the chariot was brought to Sātyaki when he lost his chariot while fighting with Karṇa 7. 122. 45;

(3) when Kṛṣṇa followed Bhīma who had left in pursuit of Aśvatthāman 10. 13. 2;

(4) when Kṛṣṇa left for Hāstinapura on his peace mission 5. 81. 19; 5. 81. 58-59 (here although only Sainya and Sugrīva are named all the four are intended, cf. te hayāḥ), and on his return journey 5. 135. 28-30;

(5) when Kṛṣṇa went to meet Bhīṣma 12. 53. 21; 12. 46. 35 (here also although only Sainya and Sugrīva are named, all the four are intended, cf. varāśvaiḥ).


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