अथर्वन्

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यन्त्रोपारोपितकोशांशः[सम्पाद्यताम्]

वाचस्पत्यम्[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


अथर्वन्¦ पु॰ अथ + ऋ--वनिप् शक॰। अथर्व्वनामकमुनिविशेषे,स च कल्पभेदे ब्रह्मणो ज्येष्ठः पुत्रः यथोक्तंमुण्डके।
“ब्रह्मा देवानां प्रथमं संबभूवे” त्युपक्रम्यब्रह्मविद्यां सर्वविद्याप्रतिष्ठामथर्वाय ज्येष्ठपुत्राय प्राहेत्युक्तम्”
“अनेकेषु ब्रह्मणः सृष्टिप्रकारेषु अन्यतमस्य सृष्टिप्रकारस्यमुखे अयमथर्वा सृष्ट” इति भाष्यम्।
“अथर्वणे यां प्रवदेतब्रह्माथर्वा पुरोवाचाङ्गिरे इति” अथर्वायेत्युक्तेः अथव शब्दो-ऽदन्तोऽपि
“सर्वे नान्ता अदन्ताः स्युरित्युक्तेः” पृषो॰नलोपः। अथर्वणाऽधीतत्वात् वेदवेदे पु॰। ततःतद्वेदाधीते वा ठक् आथर्वणिकः, अथर्वणा दृष्टं सामअण् आथर्वणम्। तेन प्रोक्तम् अधीयते कृतठको लुक्। अथर्वाणः। तत्प्रोक्ताध्यायिप्रभृतिष्वर्थेषु। [Page0112-a+ 38]

Apte[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


अथर्वन् [atharvan], m. [अथ-ऋ-वनिप् शकन्ध्वादि˚ Tv.; probably connected with some word like athar fire]

A priest who has to worship fire and Soma.

A Brāhmaṇa.

N. of the priest who is said to have first brought down fire from the heaven, offered Soma and recited prayers. [He is represented as the eldest son of Brahmā sprung from his mouth; as a Prajāpati appointed by Brahmā to create and protect subordinate beings, who first learnt from Brahmā and then taught the Brahmavidyā and is considered to be the author of the Veda called after him. His wife was Śānti, daughter of Kardama Prajāpati. He had also another wife called Chitti; he is also considered identical with Aṅgiras and father of Agni.]

Epithet of Śiva, Vasiṣṭha. वृतपदपङ्क्तिरथर्वणेव वेदः Kir. 1.1. -(pl.) Descendants of Atharvan; hymns of this Veda; जिष्णुं जैत्रैरथर्वभिः R.17.13. -र्वा-र्व m. n., ˚वेदः The Atharvaveda, regarded as the fourth Veda. [It contains many forms of imprecations for the destruction of enemies and also contains a great number of prayers for safety and averting mishaps, evils, sins or calamities, and a number of hymns, as in the other Vedas, addressed to the gods with prayers to be used at religious and solemn rites; cf. Mv.2.24. मूर्तिमभिरामघोरां बिभ्रदिवाथर्वणो निगमः. It has nine Śākhās and five Kalpas, and is comprised in 2 Kāṇḍas. The most important Brāhmaṇa belonging to this Veda is the Gopatha - Brāhmaṇa, and the Upaniṣads pertaining to it are stated to be 52, or, according to another account 31.] [cf. Zend atharvan, Pers. áturbán.] -Comp.

-अधिपः N. of बुध Mercury (सामवेदाधिपो भौमः शशिजो$- थर्ववेदराट्). -निधिः, -विढ् m. receptacle of the (knowledge of) Atharvaveda, or conversant with it; गुरुणा- $थर्वविदा कृतक्रियः R.8.4.1.59; (अथर्वविधिपदेन दुरितोपशमन- निमित्तशान्तिकपौष्टिकप्रवीणत्वं पौरोहित्यो चितत्वं द्योत्यते Malli.) -भूताः (pl.) those who have become Atharvans, Names of the 12 Maharṣis. -शिखा, -शिरस् n. (अथर्वणो वेदस्य शिखा शिर इव वा ब्रह्मविद्याप्रतिपादकत्वेन श्रेष्ठत्वात्) N. of an Upaniṣad dealing with Brahmavidyā. अथर्वशिरसो$ध्येता ब्रह्मचारी यतव्रतः Mb.13.9.29. -संहिता A text of collection of hymns of अथर्ववेद. अथर्वसंहितायाजी विदधे विधिवद्धुतम् Bm.1.869.

Monier-Williams[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


अथर्वन् m. (said to be fr. an obsolete word अथर्, fire) , a priest who has to do with fire and सोम

अथर्वन् m. N. of the priest who is said to have been the first to institute the worship of fire and offer सोमand prayers (he is represented as a प्रजापति, as ब्रह्मा's eldest son , as the first learner and earliest teacher of the ब्रह्म-विद्या, as the author of the अथर्व-वेद, as identical with अङ्गिरस्, as the father of अग्नि, etc. )

अथर्वन् m. N. of शिव, वसिष्ठ([ Kir. x , 10 ]) , सोम, प्राण

अथर्वन् mn. ( आ, अ)the fourth or अथर्व- वेद(said to have been composed by अथर्वन्, and consisting chiefly of formulas and spells intended to counteract diseases and calamities)

अथर्वन् m. pl. ( अथर्वाणस्). descendants of अथर्वन्, often coupled with those of अङ्गिरस्and भृगु

अथर्वन् m. pl. the hymns of the अथर्व- वेद.

Purana index[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


(I)--married शान्ति, a daughter of Kardama. It was he who spread यज्ञ in the world. फलकम्:F1:  भा. III. २४. २४.फलकम्:/F His son was दध्यञ्च who had a horse's head. फलकम्:F2:  Ib. IV. 1. ४२.फलकम्:/F [page१-043+ २९]
(II)--a ब्राह्मन् priest invited by युधिष्- ठिर to officiate in his राजसूय sacrifice. भा. X. ७४. 9.

Purana Encyclopedia[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


Atharvan : (sg., pl.), Atharvaṇa, Atharvaveda, Atharvāṇa m.: Name of one of the four vedas; mantras of this Veda.


A. Origin: The god of gods (Nārāyaṇa) told Mārkaṇḍeya that the three Vedas and the Atharvaṇa arise out of him and enter into him again (yajurvedo 'pyatharvaṇaḥ/mattaḥ prādurbhavanty ete mām eva praviśanti ca) 3. 187. 14.


B. What it does and does not contain: Vyāsa told his son Śuka that one should study the trayī vidyā contained in the Ṛk, the Yajus, and the Sāman, as also in the Atharvan (trayīvidyām avekṣeta vedeṣūktām athāṅgataḥ/ṛksāmavarṇākṣarato yajuṣo'tharvaṇas tathā) 12. 227. 1; Bhagavān (Kṛṣṇa) told Arjuna that the great sages had mentioned many of his names in the Atharvan as well as in the other vedas (ṛgvede sayajurvede tathaivātharvasāmasu…bahūni mama nāmāni kīrtitāni maharṣibhiḥ) 12. 328. 8-9; the sage Sanatsujāta told Dhṛtarāṣṭra that the highest principle (brahman) was not to be found in the Atharvan mantras, nor in the ṛks, the yajus, or the sāmans (naivarkṣu tan na yajuḥṣu nāpy atharvasu na caiva dṛśyaty amaleṣu sāmasu) 5. 44. 21.


C. Object of study: Sages versed in the Atharvaveda recited this Saṁhitā in accordance with the pada and the krama mode of recitation (atharvavedapravarāḥ…saṁhitām īrayanti sma padakramayutāṁ tu te) 1. 64. 33; a certain Ṛṣi, born in the family of a Purohita (not named), when grew up learnt, among other sciences, the Veda and the Atharvaveda (atharvavede vede ca babhūvarṣiḥ suniścitaḥ) 13. 10. 34; Bhagavān (Kṛṣṇa) told Arjuna that the Vipras who had learnt the Atharvāṇa looked upon him as Atharvan consisting of five kalpas, enlarged by kṛtyās (pañcakalpam atharvāṇaṁ kṛtyābhiḥ paribṛṁhitam/kalpayanti hi māṁ viprā atharvāṇavidas tathā) 12. 330. 34.


D. Use: 1. For worship: When the sage Aṅgiras visited Indra he used for worshipping the god the mantras from the Atharvaveda (atharvavedamantraiś ca); Indra, while giving the sage a boon addressed him as Atharvāṅgiras and said that the mantras from the Atharvaveda used by him for his praise would be known as the Atharvāṅgirasa section of that Veda (atharvāṅgirasaṁ nāma asmin vede bhaviṣyati/udāharaṇam etad dhi) 5. 18. 5-7; 2. For magic: the Daityas and the Dānavas residing in the Pātāla and who had studied the different mantras performed a sacrificial rite (karma vaitānasaṁbhavam) by using mantras which included those known from the Atharvaveda (bṛhaspatyuśanoktaiś ca mantrair mantraviśāradāḥ/atharvavedaproktaiś ca) in order to produce a kṛtyā who was commissioned to fetch Duryodhana who had decided to fast unto death 3. 239. 20.


E. Personified: the Atharvaveda, along with the other three Vedas, seen by Nārada in the Sabhā of god Brahmadeva (atharvavedaś ca tathā…sarvaṁ tasyāṁ mayā dṛṣṭam) 2. 11. 23, 33, [See Atharvaśiras, Atharvāṅgirasa, Ātharvaṇa ]


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Mahabharata Cultural Index[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


Atharvan : (sg., pl.), Atharvaṇa, Atharvaveda, Atharvāṇa m.: Name of one of the four vedas; mantras of this Veda.


A. Origin: The god of gods (Nārāyaṇa) told Mārkaṇḍeya that the three Vedas and the Atharvaṇa arise out of him and enter into him again (yajurvedo 'pyatharvaṇaḥ/mattaḥ prādurbhavanty ete mām eva praviśanti ca) 3. 187. 14.


B. What it does and does not contain: Vyāsa told his son Śuka that one should study the trayī vidyā contained in the Ṛk, the Yajus, and the Sāman, as also in the Atharvan (trayīvidyām avekṣeta vedeṣūktām athāṅgataḥ/ṛksāmavarṇākṣarato yajuṣo'tharvaṇas tathā) 12. 227. 1; Bhagavān (Kṛṣṇa) told Arjuna that the great sages had mentioned many of his names in the Atharvan as well as in the other vedas (ṛgvede sayajurvede tathaivātharvasāmasu…bahūni mama nāmāni kīrtitāni maharṣibhiḥ) 12. 328. 8-9; the sage Sanatsujāta told Dhṛtarāṣṭra that the highest principle (brahman) was not to be found in the Atharvan mantras, nor in the ṛks, the yajus, or the sāmans (naivarkṣu tan na yajuḥṣu nāpy atharvasu na caiva dṛśyaty amaleṣu sāmasu) 5. 44. 21.


C. Object of study: Sages versed in the Atharvaveda recited this Saṁhitā in accordance with the pada and the krama mode of recitation (atharvavedapravarāḥ…saṁhitām īrayanti sma padakramayutāṁ tu te) 1. 64. 33; a certain Ṛṣi, born in the family of a Purohita (not named), when grew up learnt, among other sciences, the Veda and the Atharvaveda (atharvavede vede ca babhūvarṣiḥ suniścitaḥ) 13. 10. 34; Bhagavān (Kṛṣṇa) told Arjuna that the Vipras who had learnt the Atharvāṇa looked upon him as Atharvan consisting of five kalpas, enlarged by kṛtyās (pañcakalpam atharvāṇaṁ kṛtyābhiḥ paribṛṁhitam/kalpayanti hi māṁ viprā atharvāṇavidas tathā) 12. 330. 34.


D. Use: 1. For worship: When the sage Aṅgiras visited Indra he used for worshipping the god the mantras from the Atharvaveda (atharvavedamantraiś ca); Indra, while giving the sage a boon addressed him as Atharvāṅgiras and said that the mantras from the Atharvaveda used by him for his praise would be known as the Atharvāṅgirasa section of that Veda (atharvāṅgirasaṁ nāma asmin vede bhaviṣyati/udāharaṇam etad dhi) 5. 18. 5-7; 2. For magic: the Daityas and the Dānavas residing in the Pātāla and who had studied the different mantras performed a sacrificial rite (karma vaitānasaṁbhavam) by using mantras which included those known from the Atharvaveda (bṛhaspatyuśanoktaiś ca mantrair mantraviśāradāḥ/atharvavedaproktaiś ca) in order to produce a kṛtyā who was commissioned to fetch Duryodhana who had decided to fast unto death 3. 239. 20.


E. Personified: the Atharvaveda, along with the other three Vedas, seen by Nārada in the Sabhā of god Brahmadeva (atharvavedaś ca tathā…sarvaṁ tasyāṁ mayā dṛṣṭam) 2. 11. 23, 33, [See Atharvaśiras, Atharvāṅgirasa, Ātharvaṇa ]


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Vedic Index of Names and Subjects[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


Atharvan.--The name in the singular denotes the head of a semi-divine family of mythical priests,[१] of whom nothing historical can be said. In the plural the family as a whole is meant. In a few places an actual family seems to be referred to. Thus, for instance, they are mentioned as recipients of gifts in the Dānastuti[२] (‘Praise of Gifts’), of Aśvattha's generosity; their use of milk mingled with honey in the ritual is referred to;[३] and a cow that miscarries (ava-tokā) from accident is dedicated to the Atharvans, according to the Taittirīya Brāhmaṇa.[४]

  1. See Macdonell, Vedic Mythology, 141. In the Vaṃśa of the Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad, ii. 6, 3, Atharvan Daiva is characteristically the pupil of Mṛtyu.
  2. Rv. vi. 47, 24.
  3. Rv. ix. 11, 2.
  4. iii. 4, 11, 1. Cf. Vājasaneyi Saṃhitā, xxx. 15.

    Cf. Bloomfield, Hymns of the Atharvaveda, xxxv. et seq., who (p. xxxviii) takes avatokā as a woman, and the Atharvans as the hymns;
    Hillebrandt, Vedische Mythologie, 2, 174 et seq.
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