धर्म

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अत्र गम्यताम् : सञ्चरणम्, अन्वेषणम्

संस्कृतम्[सम्पाद्यताम्]

  • धर्मः, गुणधर्मः, अधिकारः, अवेच्छेदकः, कोष्ठः, गयः, ग्रन्थः, पणः, परिग्रहः, पूगः, बहिरङ्गः, भोगः, वर्णः, वेदः, वृत्तान्तः, सम्भारः, सम्परिग्रहः, आशयः, योगः।

नामम्[सम्पाद्यताम्]

  • धर्मः नाम अधिकारः, आशयः।

अनुवादाः[सम्पाद्यताम्]

यन्त्रोपारोपितकोशांशः[सम्पाद्यताम्]

अमरकोशः[सम्पाद्यताम्]

Attention yellow.png

पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


धर्म पुं-नपुं।

धर्मः

समानार्थक:धर्म,पुण्य,श्रेयस्,सुकृत,वृष,उपनिषद्,उष्ण

1।4।24।1।1

स्याद्धर्ममस्त्रियां पुण्यश्रेयसी सुकृतं वृषः। मुत्प्रीतिः प्रमदो हर्षः प्रमोदामोदसम्मदाः॥

पदार्थ-विभागः : , गुणः, अदृष्टम्

धर्म पुं।

वेदविहितकर्माः

समानार्थक:धर्म

1।6।3।1।5

श्रुतिः स्त्री वेद आम्नायस्त्रयी धर्मस्तु तद्विधिः। स्त्रियामृक्सामयजुषी इति वेदास्त्रयस्त्रयी॥

पदार्थ-विभागः : , क्रिया

धर्म पुं।

आचारः

समानार्थक:धर्म,समय

3।3।139।1।1

धर्माः पुण्ययमन्यायस्वभावाचारसोमपाः। उपायपूर्व आरम्भ उपधा चाप्युपक्रमः॥

पदार्थ-विभागः : , क्रिया

धर्म पुं।

नीतिः

समानार्थक:अभ्रेष,न्याय,कल्प,देशरूप,समञ्जस,नय,नाय,धर्म

3।3।139।1।1

धर्माः पुण्ययमन्यायस्वभावाचारसोमपाः। उपायपूर्व आरम्भ उपधा चाप्युपक्रमः॥

पदार्थ-विभागः : , गुणः, मानसिकभावः

धर्म पुं।

पुण्यम्

समानार्थक:धर्म,कुशल

3।3।139।1।1

धर्माः पुण्ययमन्यायस्वभावाचारसोमपाः। उपायपूर्व आरम्भ उपधा चाप्युपक्रमः॥

 : पुण्यकर्मः

पदार्थ-विभागः : , गुणः, अदृष्टम्

धर्म पुं।

सोमयाजिः

समानार्थक:दीक्षित,सोमपीथिन्,सोमप,धर्म

3।3।139।1।1

धर्माः पुण्ययमन्यायस्वभावाचारसोमपाः। उपायपूर्व आरम्भ उपधा चाप्युपक्रमः॥

पदार्थ-विभागः : वृत्तिः, द्रव्यम्, पृथ्वी, चलसजीवः, मनुष्यः

धर्म पुं।

स्वभावः

समानार्थक:संसिद्धि,प्रकृति,स्वरूप,स्वभाव,निसर्ग,अनूक,सर्ग,आत्मन्,धर्म,शील,भाव

3।3।139।1।1

धर्माः पुण्ययमन्यायस्वभावाचारसोमपाः। उपायपूर्व आरम्भ उपधा चाप्युपक्रमः॥

 : सुस्वभावः

पदार्थ-विभागः : , गुणः, मानसिकभावः

धर्म पुं।

यमः

समानार्थक:धर्मराज,पितृपति,समवर्तिन्,परेतराज्,कृतान्त,यमुनाभ्रातृ,शमन,यमराज्,यम,काल,दण्डधर,श्राद्धदेव,वैवस्वत,अन्तक,धर्म,हरि,कीनाश,जीवितेश

3।3।139।1।1

धर्माः पुण्ययमन्यायस्वभावाचारसोमपाः। उपायपूर्व आरम्भ उपधा चाप्युपक्रमः॥

पदार्थ-विभागः : , द्रव्यम्, आत्मा, देवता

Apte[सम्पाद्यताम्]

Attention yellow.png

पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


धर्मः [dharmḥ], [ध्रियते लोको$नेन, धरति लोकं वा धृ-मन्; cf. Uṇ 1. 137]

Religion; the customary observances of a caste, sect, &c.

Law, usage, practice, custom, ordinance, statue.

Religious or moral merit, virtue, righteousness, good works (regarded as one of the four ends of human existence); अनेन धर्मः सविशेषमद्य मे त्रिवर्ग- सारः प्रतिभाति भाविनि Ku.5.38, and see त्रिवर्ग also; एक एव सुहृद्धर्मो निधने$प्यनुयाति यः H.1.63.

Duty, prescribed course of conduct; षष्ठांशवृत्तेरपि धर्म एषः Ś.5.4; Ms.1.114.

Right, justice, equity, impartiality.

Piety, propriety, decorum.

Morality, ethics

Nature. disposition, character; उत्पत्स्यते$स्ति मम को$पि समानधर्मा Māl.1.6; प्राणि˚, जीव˚.

An essential quality, peculiarity, characteristic property, (peculiar) attribute; वदन्ति वर्ण्यावर्ण्यानां धर्मैक्यं दीपकं बुधाः Chandr.5.45; Pt.1.34.

Manner, resemblance, likeness.

A sacrifice.

Good company, associating with the virtuous

Devotion, religious abstraction.

Manner, mode.

An Upaniṣad q. v.

N. of Yudhiṣṭhira, the eldest Pāṇḍava.

N. of Yama, the god of death.

A bow.

A drinker of Soma juice.

(In astrol.) N. of the ninth lunar mansion.

An Arhat of the Jainas.

The soul.

Mastery, great skill; दिव्यास्त्रगुणसंपन्नः परं धर्मं गतो युधि Rām.3.31.15. -र्मम् A virtuous deed. -Comp. -अक्षरम् (pl.) holy mantras; a formula of faith; धर्माक्षराण्युदाहरामि Mk.8.45-46. -अङ्गः (-ङ्गा f.) the Indian crane. -अधर्मौm. (du.) right and wrong, religion and irreligion; धर्माधर्मौ सपदि गलितौ पुण्यपापे विशीर्णे. ˚विद् m. a Mīmāṁsaka who knows the right and wrong course of action.

अधिकरणम् administration of the laws.

a court of justice. (-णः) a judge. -अधिकरणिकः, -अधिकारिन्m. a judge, magistrate, any judicial functionary.-अधिकरणिन् m. a judge, magistrate.

अधिकारः superintendence of religious affairs; Ś1.

administration of justice.

the office of a judge. -अधि- ष्ठानम् a court of justice.

अध्यक्षः a judge.

an epithet of Viṣṇu. -अनुष्ठानम् acting according to religion, virtuous or moral conduct. -अनुसारः conformity to virtue or justice. -अपेत a. deviating from virtue, wicked, immoral, irreligious. (-तम्) vice, immorality, injustice. -अयनम् course of law, law-suit. -अरण्यम् a sacred or penance grove, a wood inhabited by ascetics; धर्मारण्यं प्रविशति गजः Śi.1.32. -अर्थौः religious merit and wealth; धर्मार्थौ यत्र न स्याताम् Ms.2.112.-अर्थम् ind.

for religious purposes.

justly, according to justice or right. -अलीक a. having a false character. -अस्तिकायः (with Jainas) the category or predicament of virtue; cf. अस्तिकाय. -अहन् Yesterday.-आगमः a religious statute, lawbook.

आचार्यः a religious teacher.

a teacher of law or customs.-आत्मजः an epithet of Yudhiṣṭhira q. v. -आत्मता religiousmindedness; justice, virtue. -आत्मन् a. just righteous, pious, virtuous. (-m.) a saint, a pious man.-आश्रय, -आश्रित a. righteous, virtuous; धर्माश्रयं पापिनः (निन्दन्ति) Pt.1.415. -आसनम् the throne of justice, judgmentseat, tribunal; न संभावितमद्य धर्मासनमध्यासितुम् Ś.6; धर्मासनाद्विशति वासगृहं नरेन्द्रः U.1.7. -इन्द्रः, -ईशः an epithet of Yama; पितॄणामिव धर्मेन्द्रः Mb.7.6.6. -ईप्सुa. wishing to gain religious merit; Ms.1.127. -उत्तरa. 'rich in virtue,' chiefly characterized by justice, eminently just and impartial; धर्मोत्तरं मध्यममाश्रयन्ते R.13.7. -उपचायिन् a. religious; यच्च वः प्रेक्षमाणानां सर्व- धर्मोपचायिनाम् Mb.5.137.16.

उपदेशः instruction in law or duty, religious or moral instruction. आर्षं धर्मोपदेशं च वेदशास्त्राविरोधिना । यस्तर्केणानुसंधत्ते स धर्मं वेद नेतरः ॥ Ms.12.16.

the collective body of laws.

उपदेशकः a teacher of the law.

a spiritual teacher, a Guru. -कथकः an expounder of law. -कर्मन्n.,

कार्यम्, क्रिया any act of duty or religion, any moral or religious observance, a religious act or rite.

virtuous conduct. -कथादरिद्रः the Kali age. -कामa.

devoted to virtue.

observing duty or right.

कायः an epithet of Buddha.

a Jaina saint.-कारणम् Cause of virtue.

कीलः a grant, royal edict or decree.

husband. -कृत् a. observing duty, acting justly. (-m.)

N. of Viṣṇu.

a pious man. धर्मा- धर्मविहीनो$पि धर्ममर्यादास्थापनार्थं धर्ममेव करोतीति धर्मकृत् Bhāg.-केतुः an epithet of Buddha. -कोशः, -षः the collective body of laws or duties; धर्मकोषस्य गुप्तये Ms.1.99. -क्रिया, -कृत्यम् any act of religion, any moral or religious rite.

क्षेत्रम् Bhāratavarṣa (the land of religion).

N. of a plain near Delhi, the scene of the great battle between the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas; धर्मक्षेत्रे कुरुक्षेत्रे समवेता युयुत्सवः Bg.1.1. (-त्रः) a virtuous or pious man. -गुप्त a. observing and protecting religion. (-प्तः) N. of Viṣṇu. -ग्रन्थः a sacred work or scripture. -घटः a jar of fragrant water offered daily (to a Brāhmaṇa) in the month of Vaiśākha; एष धर्मघटो दत्तो ब्रह्माविष्णुशिवात्मकः । अस्य प्रदानात् सफला मम सन्तु मनोरथाः ॥ -घ्न a. immoral, unlawful.

चक्रः The wheel or range of the law; Bhddh. Jain.

a Buddha. ˚मृत् m. a Buddha or Jaina.-चरणम्, -चर्या observance of the law, performance of religious duties; शिवेन भर्त्रा सह धर्मचर्या कार्या त्वया मुक्तविचारयेति Ku.7.83; वयसि प्रथमे, मतौ चलायां बहुदोषां हि वदन्ति धर्मचर्याम् Bu. Ch.5.3. चारिन् a. practising virtue, observing the law, virtuous, righteous; स चेत्स्वयं कर्मसु धर्मचारिणां त्वमन्त- रायो भवसि R.3.45. (-m.) an ascetic.

चारिणी a wife.

a chaste or virtuous wife. cf. सह˚; इयं चोर्वशी यावदायुस्तव सहधर्मचारिणी भवत्विति V.5.19/2. -चिन्तक a.

studying or familiar with duty.

reflecting on the law. -चिन्तनम्, चिन्ता study of virtue, consideration of moral duties, moral reflection. -च्छलः fraudulent transgression of law or duty.

जः 'duly or lawfully born', a legitimate son; cf. Ms.9.17.

N. of युधिष्ठिर; Mb.15.1.44. -जन्मन् m. N. of युधिष्ठिर. -जिज्ञासा inquiry into religion or the proper course of conduct; अथातो धर्मजिज्ञासा Jaimini's Sūtra. -जीवन a. one who acts according to the rules of his caste or fulfils prescribed duties. (-नः) a Brāhmaṇa who maintains himself by assisting other men in the performance of their religious rites; यश्चापि धर्मसमयात्प्रच्युतो धर्मजीवनः Ms.9.273.-ज्ञ a.

knowing what is right, conversant with civil or religious law; Ms.7.141;8.179;1.127.

just, righteous, pious. -त्यागः abandoning one's religion, apostacy. -दक्षिणा a fee for instruction in the law.-दानम् a charitable gift (made without any self-interest.) पात्रेभ्यो दीयते नित्यमनपेक्ष्य प्रयोजनम् । केवलं धर्मबुद्ध्या यद् धर्मदानं प्रचक्षते ॥ Ms.3.262. -दुघा a cow milked for religious purposes only. -द्रवी N. of the Ganges. -दाराm. (pl.) a lawful wife; स्त्रीणां भर्ता धर्मदाराश्च पुंसाम् Māl. 6.18. -द्रुह् a. voilating the law or right; निसर्गेण स धर्मस्य गोप्ता धर्मद्रुहो वयम् Mv.2.7. -द्रोहिन् m. a demon.-धातुः an epithet of Buddha. -ध्वजः -ध्वजिन् m. a religious hypocrite, an impostor; Bhāg.3.32.39.-नन्दनः an epithet of युधिष्ठिर. -नाथः a legal protector, rightful master. -नाभः an epithet of Viṣṇu. -निबन्धिन्a. pious, holy. -निवेशः religious devotion. -निष्ठ a. devoted to religion or virtue; श्रीमन्तः पान्तु पृथ्वीं प्रशमित- रिपवो धर्मनिष्ठाश्च भूपाः Mk.1.61. -निष्पत्तिः f.

discharge or fulfilment of duty.

moral or religious observance;-पत्नी a lawful wife; R.2.2,2,72;8.7; Y.2.128.-पथः the way of virtue, a virtuous course of conduct.-पर a. religious-minded, pious, righteous. -परिणामः rise of righteous conduct in the heart (Jainism); cf. also एतेन भूतेन्द्रियेषु धर्मलक्षणावस्थापरिणामा व्याख्याताः Yogadarśana. -पाठकः a teacher of civil or religious law; Ms.12.111. -पालः 'protector of the law', said metaphorically of (दण्ड) 'punishment or chastisement', or 'sword'. -पाडा transgressing the law, an offence against law.

पुत्रः a lawful son, a son begotten from a sense of duty and not from mere lust or sensual pleasure.

an epithet of युधिष्ठिर.

any one regarded as a son for religious purposes, a spiritual son. -प्रचारः (fig.) sword. -प्रतिरूपकः a counterfeit of virtue; Ms.11.9. -प्रधान a. eminent in piety; धर्मप्रधानं पुरुषं तपसा हतकिल्बिषम् Ms.4.243. -प्रवक्तृ m.

an expounder of the law, a legal adviser.

a religious teacher, preacher.

प्रवचनम् the science of duty; U.5.23.

expounding the law. (-नः) an epithet of Buddha.-प्रेक्ष्य a. religious or virtuous (धर्मदृष्टि); Rām.2.85.16.

बाणिजिकः, वाणिजिकः one who tries to make profit out of his virtue like a merchant.

one who performs religious rites with a view to reward, like a merchant dealing in transactions for profit. -बाह्यः a. contrary to religion or what is right.

भगिनी a lawful sister.

a daughter of the spiritual preceptor.

a spiritual sister, any one regarded as a sister or discharging the same religious duties एतस्मिन्विहारे मम धर्मभगिनी तिष्ठति Mk.8.46/47. -भागिनी a virtuous wife. -भाणकः a lecturer or public reader who reads and explains to audiences sacred books like the Bhārata, Bhāgavata, &c. -भिक्षुकः a mendicant from virtuous motives; Ms. 11.2. -भृत् m.

'a preserver or defender of justice,' a king.

a virtuous person. -भ्रातृ m.

a fellow religious student, a spiritual brother.

any one regarded as a brother from discharging the same religious duties. वानप्रस्थयतिब्रह्मचारिणां रिक्थभागिनः । क्रमेणाचार्यसच्छिष्य- धर्मभ्रात्रेकतीर्थिनः ॥ Y.2.137. -महामात्रः a minister of religion, a minister in charge of religious affairs. -मूलम् the foundation of civil or religious law, the Vedas.-मेघः a particular Samādhi. -युगम् the Kṛita age; अथ धर्मयुगे तस्मिन्योगधर्ममनुष्ठिता । महीमनुचचारैका सुलभा नाम भिक्षुकी Mb.12.32.7. -यूपः, -योनिः an epithet of Viṣṇu. -रति a. 'delighting in virtue or justice', righteous, pious, just; तस्य धर्मरतेरासीद् वृद्धत्वं जरसा विना R.1.23. -रत्नम् N. of a Jaina स्मृतिग्रन्थ prepared by Jīmūtavāhana. -राज् -m. an epithet of Yama.-राज a. धर्मशील q. v.; धर्मराजेन जनकेन महात्मना (विदेहान् रक्षितान्) Mb.12.325 19. -राजः an epithet of

Yama.

Jina.

युधिष्ठिर.

a king. -राजन् m. N. of युधिष्ठिर.-राजिका a monument, a stūpa (Sārnāth Inscrip. of Mahīpāla; Ind. Ant. Vol.14, p.14.) -रोधिन् a.

opposed to law, illegal, unlawful.

immoral.

लक्षणम् the essential mark of law.

the Vedas. (-णा) the Mīmāṁsā philosophy.

लोपः irreligion, immorality.

violation of duty; धर्मलोपभयाद्राज्ञीमृतुस्नातामिमां स्मरन् R. 1.76. -वत्सल a. loving piety or duty. -वर्तिन् a. just, virtuous. -वर्धनः an epithet of Śiva. -वादः discussion about law or duty, religious controversy; अनुकल्पः परो धर्मो धर्मवादैस्तु केवलम् Mb.12.165.15.

वासरः the day of full moon.

yesterday.

वाहनः an epithet of Śiva.

a buffalo (being the vehicle of Yama). -विद्a. familiar with the law (civil or religious). ˚उत्तमः N. of Viṣṇu. -विद्या knowledge of the law or right. -विधिः a legal precept or injunction; एष धर्मविधिः कृत्स्नश्चातुर्वर्ण्यस्य कीर्तितः Ms.1.131. -विप्लवः violation of duty, immorality.

विवेचनम् judicial investigation; यस्य शूद्रस्तु कुरुते राज्ञो धर्मविवेचनम् । तस्य सीदति तद्राष्ट्रं पङ्के गौरिव पश्यतः ॥ Ms.8.21.

dissertation on duty. -वीरः (in Rhet.) the sentiment of heroism arising out of virtue or piety, the sentiment of chivalrous piety; the following instance is given in R. G.: सपदि विलयमेतु राज्यलक्ष्मीरुपरि पतन्त्वथवा कृपाणधाराः । अपहरतुतरां शिरः कृतान्तो मम तु मतिर्न मनागपैतु धर्मात् ॥ स च दानधर्मयुद्धैर्दयया च समन्वितश्चतुर्धा स्यात् S. D. -वृद्धa. advanced in virtue or piety; न धर्मवृद्धेषु वयः समीक्ष्यते Ku.5.16. -वैतंसिकः one who gives away money unlawfully acquired in the hope of appearing generous.-व्यवस्था m. judicial decision, decisive sentence.

शाला a court of justice, tribunal.

any charitabla institution. -शासनम्, शास्त्रम् a code of laws, jurisprudence; न धर्मशास्त्रं पठतीति कारणम् H.1.17; Y.1.5. [मनुर्यमो वसिष्ठो$त्रिः दक्षो विष्णुस्तथाङ्गिराः । उशना वाक्पतिर्व्यास आपस्तम्बो$ थ गौतमः ॥ कात्यायनो नारदश्च याज्ञवल्क्यः पराशरः । संवर्तश्चैव शङ्खश्च हारीतो लिखितस्तथा ॥ एतैर्यानि प्रणीतानि धर्मशास्त्राणि वै पुरा । तान्येवातिप्रमाणानि न हन्तव्यानि हेतुभिः ॥] -शील a. just, pious, virtuous. -शुद्धिः a correct knowledge of the law; प्रत्यक्षं चानुमानं च शास्त्रं च विविधागमम् । त्रयं सुविदितं कार्यं धर्मशुद्धिमभीप्सता ॥ Ms.12.15. -संहिता a code of laws (especially compiled by sages like Manu, Yājñavalkya, &c.).

संगः attachmet to justice or virtue.

hypocrisy.

संगीतिः discussion about law.

(with Buddhists) a council. -सभा a court of justice.-समयः a legal obligation; यश्चापि धर्मसमयात्प्रच्युतो धर्मजीवनः Ms.9.273. -सहायः a partner or companion in the discharge of religious duties. -सूः m. the fork-tailed shrike. -सूत्रम् a book on पूर्वमीमांसा written by Jaimini.-सेतुः an epithet of Śiva. -सेवनम् fulfilment of duties.-स्थः a judge; धर्मस्थः कारणैरेतैर्हीनं तमिति निर्दिशेत् Ms.8.57.-स्थीय a. Concerning law; धर्मस्थीयं तृतीयं प्रकरणम् Kau. A.3. -स्वामिन् m. an epithet of Buddha.

Monier-Williams[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


धर्म m. (rarely n. g. अर्धर्चा-दि; the older form of the RV. is धर्मन्See. )that which is established or firm , steadfast decree , statute , ordinance , law

धर्म m. usage , practice , customary observance or prescribed conduct , duty

धर्म m. right , justice (often as a synonym of punishment)

धर्म m. virtue , morality , religion , religious merit , good works(599906 धर्मेणind. or 599906.1 मात्ind. according to right or rule , rightly , justly , according to the nature of anything ; See. below ; 599906.2 मेस्थितmfn. holding to the law , doing one's duty) AV. etc.

धर्म m. Law or Justice personified (as इन्द्रS3Br. etc. ; as यमMBh. ; as born from the right breast of यमand father of शम, कामand हर्षib. ; as विष्णुHariv. ; as प्रजा-पतिand son-in-law of दक्षHariv. Mn. etc. ; as one of the attendants of the Sun L. ; as a Bull Mn. viii , 16 ; as a Dove Katha1s. vii , 89 , etc. )

धर्म m. the law or doctrine of Buddhism (as distinguished from the सङ्घor monastic order MWB. 70 )

धर्म m. the ethical precepts of Buddhism (or the principal धर्मcalled सूस्र, as distinguished from the अभि-धर्मor , " further धर्म" and from the विनयor " discipline " , these three constituting the canon of Southern -BBuddhism MWB. 61 )

धर्म m. the law of Northern -BBuddhism (in 9 canonical scriptures , viz. प्रज्ञा-पारमिता, गण्ड-व्यूह, दश-भूमीश्वर, समाधिराज, लङ्कावतार, सद्धर्म-पुण्डरीक, तथा-गत-गुह्यक, ललित-विस्तर, सुवर्ण-प्रभास, ib. 69 )

धर्म m. nature , character , peculiar condition or essential quality , property , mark , peculiarity(= स्व-भावL. ; See. दश-धर्म-गतS3Br. etc. ; उपमानो-पमेययोर् ध्, the tertium comparationis Pa1n2. 2-1 , 55 Sch. )

धर्म m. a partic. ceremony MBh. xiv , 2623

धर्म m. sacrifice L.

धर्म m. the ninth mansion Var.

धर्म m. an उपनिषद्L.

धर्म m. associating with the virtuous L.

धर्म m. religious abstraction , devotion L.

धर्म m. = उपमाL. (See. above )

धर्म m. a bow Dharmas3.

धर्म m. a सोम-drinker L.

धर्म m. N. of the 15th अर्हत्of the present अव-सर्पिणीL.

धर्म m. of a son of अनुand father of घृतHariv.

धर्म m. of a -sson of गान्धारand -ffather of धृतPur.

धर्म m. of a -sson of हैहयand -ffather of नेत्रBhP.

धर्म m. of a -sson of पृथु-श्रवस्and of उशनस्ib.

धर्म m. of a -sson of सु-व्रतVP. (See. धर्म-सूत्र)

धर्म m. of a -sson of दीर्घ-तपस्, Va1yuP.

धर्म m. of a king of कश्मीर, Ra1j. iv , 678

धर्म m. of another man ib. vii , 85

धर्म m. of a lexicographer etc. (also -पण्डित, -भट्टand -शास्त्रिन्) Cat. [ cf. Lat. firmus , Lith. derme4.]

धर्म Nom. P. मति, to become , law Vop.

धर्म in comp. for मन्See. 2.

धर्म See. p. 510 , col. 3.

Purana index[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


(I)--with one foot in Kali (truth), the others are austerity, purity and compassion which have dis- appeared; फलकम्:F1:  भा. I. 3. 9; १६. १९; १७. २४-5.फलकम्:/F dialogue with Earth in the guise of a bull; फलकम्:F2:  Ib. I. १६. २०-36; १७. 7-१६.फलकम्:/F con- fusion of, due to different schools of metaphysics. फलकम्:F3:  Ib. I. १७. १९-20.फलकम्:/F The force of Dharma in administration; फलकम्:F4: Br. III. ५०. ५३-7.फलकम्:/F सनातनधर्म lost in Kali. फलकम्:F5:  M. 9. २८-31; २०१. 6-8.फलकम्:/F Vyavastha done by sages in different periods of Manus. फलकम्:F6:  भा. VII. ११. 8-१२.फलकम्:/F Thirty characteristics of.
(II)--the father of Nara, married मूर्ती. भा. II. 7. 6; XI. 4. 6. [page२-159+ ३८]
(III)--a son of ब्रह्मा, born of the right side of his chest; one of the first five created things for the propagation of people; the first devata who married the thirteen daughters of दक्ष or the दाक्षायणिस् (ten: वा। प्।): each of whom had sons; they were श्रद्धा, लक्ष्मी, धृति, तुष्टि, पुष्टि, मेधा, क्रिया, Buddhi, लज्जा, Vasu, शान्ति, Siddhi and कीर्ति; फलकम्:F1:  भा. III. १२. २५; IV. I. ४८-50; Br. II. 9. 1, ४९-50; IV. 1. ४०; M. 3. १०; 4. ३४ and ५५; 5. १३; १४६. १६; Va. 1. ६९; १०. २६; १००. ४३; Vi. I. 7. २४, २८-31; १५. ७७, १०३. वा. ६३. ४१; ६६. 2; ७६. 3.फलकम्:/F in the Vaivasvata epoch had for his wives दाक्षायणी and अरुन्धती; फलकम्:F2:  M. २०३. 1-2.फलकम्:/F father of काम and लक्ष्मी; फलकम्:F3:  Ib. १७१. ४२.फलकम्:/F presented पृथु with a garland of fame. फलकम्:F4:  भा. IV. १५. १५; VI. 6. 2.फलकम्:/F
(IV)--a constellation which goes round Dhruva keeping him to the right. भा. IV. 9. २१; V. २३. 5; Br. II. २१. १७६.
(V)--married सूनृता and had sons like Satya- sena and others. भा. VIII. 1 २५.
(VI)--The god of righteousness and appointed father of युधिष्ठिर; फलकम्:F1:  भा. IX. २२. २७; M. ४६. 9; ५०. ४९; १७१. २६; वा. ९६. १५३; Vi. IV. १४. ३५; २०. ४०.फलकम्:/F father of धर्मव्रता, the future शिल at गया; फलकम्:F2:  वा. १०७. 2. १११. २३.फलकम्:/F did not comprehend Hari's माय। फलकम्:F3:  भा. IX. 4. ५७.फलकम्:/F
(VII)--the son of गान्धार and father of धृत (घृत: वि। प्।). भा. IX. २३. १५; Br. III. ७४. १०; M. ४८. 8; वा. १९. १०; Vi. IV. १७. 4.
(VIII)--a son of Haihaya, and father of Netra. भा. IX. २३. २२.
(IX)--a son of पृथुश्रवस् and father of उशनस्. भा. IX. २३. ३४. [page२-160+ २९]
(X)--चतुर्मूर्ति in Benares. M. १८३. ४१.
(XI)--a देवऋषि and the १४थ् Vedavya1sa; wife लक्ष्मि and daughter सूनृता; married ten daughters of दक्ष; father of १२ Sa1dhyas, 8 Vasavas, १० Vis4vedevas, of Maruts, of भानुस्, of मुहूर्तस् and so on. Father of युधिष्ठिर; cursed by माण्डव्य the sage. वा. १०. २६; ६३. ४१; ६६. 2; ७६. 3. Br. II. 9. 1, ४९-50.
(XII)--manifold and subtle; to understand the truth is difficult; hence it is not possible to give a definite lead in the Vedic laws; hence sages do not attach weight to दानम् and यज्ञम् but to सनातनधर्म which leads to svarga; is knowledge of the श्रौत Sma1rta dharma and following of वर्णाश्रम for attainment of heaven; इष्टप्रा- paka dharma introduced by the आचार्यस्. फलकम्:F1:  वा. ५७. ११२-8; ५९. २१, २८.फलकम्:/F Consists of ten things: begging food, non-theft, purity, disinterestedness, activity, sympathy, non-injury, avoidance of anger, service of the guru, truthfulness; फलकम्:F2:  Br. II. 7. १७८; वा. 8. १८६.फलकम्:/F of four पादस्; फलकम्:F3:  Ib. २३. ८१-2.फलकम्:/F course of, in the four yugas. फलकम्:F4:  Ib. ५८. 5.फलकम्:/F
(XIII)--a son of दीर्घतपस्. वा. ९२. 7.
(XIV)--one of the ten Sutapa गणस्. वा. १००. १५.
(XV)--a son of Suvrata, and father of शुश्रवस्. Vi. IV. २३. 6. [page२-161+ २४]
(XVI)--a Sutapa god. Br. IV. 1. १४.
(XVII)--a son of Raucya Manu. Br. IV. 1. १०४.
(XVIII)--a Vasu; wife मनोहरा; father of a number of sons. Vi. I. १५. ११०, ११३.
(XIX)--a son of Haihaya, and father of Dhar- manetra. Vi. IV. ११. 8.

Purana Encyclopedia[सम्पाद्यताम्]

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पृष्ठभागोऽयं यन्त्रेण केनचित् काले काले मार्जयित्वा यथास्रोतः परिवर्तयिष्यते। तेन मा भूदत्र शोधनसम्भ्रमः। सज्जनैः मूलमेव शोध्यताम्।


DHARMA : A deva who is the abode of all luxuries in life.

1) Birth. This deva broke the right nipple of Brahmā and came out in the form of a human being. Three sons were born to him: Śama, Kāma and Harṣa. Kāma married Rati, Śama, Prāpti and Harṣa, Nandā.(**.

Sthānaṁ tu dakṣiṇaṁ bhitvā Brahmaṇo naravigrahaḥ /
Niḥsṛṭo bhagavān dharmaḥ sarvalokasukhāvahaḥ //
Trayastasyavarāḥ putrāḥ sarvabhūtamanoharāḥ /
Śamaḥ Kāmaśca Harṣaśca tejasā lokadhāriṇaḥ //
(M.B. Ādi Parva, Chapter 65).**)

2) Marriage and family life. The Bhāgavata states that Dharma married the thirteen daughters of Daksaprajā- pati named Śraddhā, Maitrī, Dayā, Śānti, Puṣṭi, Tuṣṭi, Kriyā, Unnati, Buddhi, Medhā, Titikṣā, Hṛī and Mūrti. Besides them he married ten other girls named Bhānu, Lambā, Kukubh, Jāmi, Viśvā, Sādhyā, Marutvatī, Vasu, Muhūrtā and Saṅkalpā and also a woman named Sunṛtā. According to Mahābhārata Dharma married the following daughters of Dakṣa: Kīrti, Lakṣmī, Dhṛti, Medhā, Puṣṭi, Śraddhā, Kriyā, Buddhi and Lajjā.

From each of his wives there originated a family. The son born to each is given below Śraddhā--Śubha; Maitrī--Prasāda; Dayā--Abhaya; Śānti--Sukha; Tuṣṭi-- Moda; Unnati--Darpa; Buddhi--Artha; Medhā-- Sukṛti; Titikṣā--Śama; Hrī--Praśraya. Mūrti gave birth to the virtuous Naranārāyaṇas. Sunṛtā became the mother of the devas, Satyavrata and Satyasena. Satyasena became famous by slaying many cruel and evil-natured Yakṣas, demons and spirits. Lambā gave birth to Ṛṣabha and Vidyotana. Ṛṣabha got a son, Indrasena. Vidyotana became the father of stanayitnu. Kukubh delivered Saṅkaṭa and Saṅkaṭa became the father of Kīkaṭa and Durgadeva. Jāmi got a son Svarga and of him was born Nandī. Viśvā gave birth to Viśva- devas and Sādhyā to Sādhyas. These Sādhyas are different from those born of Brahmā. Sādhyas became the father of Arthasiddhi. Marutvatī gave birth to Marutvat and Jayanta. Vasu gave birth to eight sons and they were known as Aṣṭavasus. Droṇa, the first of the Aṣṭavasus, married Abhimati. Abhimati is known as Dharā also. It was Droṇa and Dharā who were born as Nandagopa and Yaśodā later. Prāṇa, second of the Aṣṭavasus, married Ūrjasvatī, daughter of Priyavrata. (Navama Skandha, Bhāgavata).

3) Prominent sons. Four sons of Dharma, Hari, Kṛṣṇa, Nara and Nārāyaṇa became prominent. Hari and Kṛṣṇa were great yogis while Nara and Nārāyaṇa were great ascetics. (See under Naranārāyaṇa).

4) The daughter named Dharmavratā. Dharmadeva got a daughter named Dharmavratā of his wife Dharmavatī. Dharmavratā was an ascetic and she was married to Marīci, son of Brahmā. One day Marīci came back from the forest after getting darbha and flowers extre- mely tired and so after food lay down to rest. His wife sitting by his side massaged his legs. The sage fell as- leep. Then Brahmā came there and Dharmavratā attended on him and worshipped him. Marīci, when he woke up, finding Dharmavratā attending on another man cursed her and made her into stone. Dharmavratā pleaded not guilty and standing inside a fire-pit did pen- ance for ten thousand years. Brahmā and other devas appeared before her and consoled her by assuring that though she would be a stone devas would take their abode in it and that she would be worshipped by all. From that day onwards that stone was known as Devaśilā and even now it is believed that Brahmā and other devas live therein. (Chapter 114, Agni Purāṇa).

5) Dharma was cursed and made Vidura by Aṇimāṇḍavya. (See Aṇimāṇḍavyā).

Other details. (1) A portion of Dharma took life as Yudhi- ṣṭhira in Kuntī. (See Dharmaputra).

(2) Dharma did penance in Dharmatīrtha for a very long time. (Śloka 1, Chapter 84, Vana Parva).

(3) The abode of Dharma was Dharmaprastha. (Śloka 1, Chapter 84, Vana Parva).

(4) Dharma did penance on the banks of the river Vaitaraṇī for a long time. (Śloka 4, Chapter 114, Vana Parva).

(5) While the Pānḍavas were in exile in the forest Dharma in the form of a deer came to the hut of a Brahmin and carried away by its horns the Araṇi stick which the Brahmin owned for making fire by attrition. (Chapter 311, Vana Parva).

(6) Dharma appeared in the form of a Yakṣa and made all the Pāṇḍavas swoon except Yudhiṣṭhira, on the shores of a pond in the forest and later got them back to normal. (See under Dharmaputra).

(7) Dharmadeva went to Viśvāmitra in the guise of Vasiṣṭha to test him. (See para 3 of Gālava).

(8) Following a directive from Brahmā, Dharmadeva once brought before Varuṇa all the daityadānavas bound by ropes. (Chapter 128, Udyoga Parva).

(9) Mahāviṣṇu was born as a son of Dharmadeva. (See under Naranārāyaṇa).

(10) Dharma worshipped a brahmin named Satya tak- ing the form of a deer. (Śloka 17, Chapter 272, Śānti Parva).

(11) Dharma tested Sudarśana taking the form of a brahmin. (Śloka 79, Chapter 2, Anuśāsana Parva).

(12) Dharma saved a sage named Vatsanābha from a great downpour taking the shape of a buffalo. (Chapter 12, Anuśāsana Parva).

(13) Dharma disguised as a brahmin, went and impart- ed advice to Janaka, father of Sītā. (Chapter 32, Aśva- medha Parva).

(14) To test Jamadagni, Dharma went to his āśrama taking the form of Anger. Jamadagni had just milked Kāmadhenu and kept the milk in a pot. Dharma as Anger crept into the milk. Jamadagni drank it and yet remained calm. Seeing this Dharma appeared before him in the form of a Brahmin and blessed him assuring Jamadagni that in future he would be obedient to Dharma (Chapter 91, Aśvamedha Parva).

(15) When at the fag end of their life the Pāṇḍavas started on their Mahāprasthāna, Dharma as a dog accompanied them up to the gates of heaven. (Śloka 22, Chapter 5, Svargārohaṇa Parva).

7) Dharma and Kāla. There is a misunderstanding found even in some Purāṇas that Kāla, the chief of Kālapurī, and Dharma are one and the same person. But if the stories around each are examined it is easy to deduce that they are two different devas. The father and mother of Dharmadeva is Brahmā. The father of Kāla is Sūrya and mother Saṁjñā, daughter of Viśvakarmā. This itself is a sufficient evidence to show that the two are different persons. Further, Kāla or Yama is the sixth descendant of Viṣṇu.

But scholars are misled to think that the two are iden- tical. There is a reason for it.Dharmarājaḥ Pitṛpatiḥ
Samavarttī Paretarāṭ /
Kṛtānto Yamunābhrātā
Śamano Yamarāḍ Yamaḥ //
Kālo Daṇḍadharaḥ Srāddha-
Devo Vaivasvatontakaḥ. / (Amara).

The above are the synonyms of Kāla. Vyāsa has used as synonyms for Dharmadeva in the Mahābhārata the words Dharmarāja, Vṛṣa and Yama. Now among the synonyms for the two there are two words in common-- Dharmarāja and Yama. This has led to this misunder- standing. Because Kāla weighs the evil and good in man he got the name Dharmarāja. Dharmadeva got that name because he is the incarnation of Dharma. The real name of Kāla is Yama. Dharmadeva got the name Yama because he possesses ‘Yama’ (control of the self for moral conduct). Kāla has no sons; Vidura and Yudhiṣṭhira are the sons of Dharmadeva.


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*5th word in left half of page 224 (+offset) in original book.

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